Our Charming Earth Edge – Yamal

Разделы: Иностранные языки

Ключевые слова: Ямало-Ненецкий округ

Цель урока: обучение английскому языку на основе регионального компонента, изучение географического положения ЯНАО по теме «Наш очаровательный край Земли - Ямал», развитие умений самостоятельной и парной работы по теме.

Задачи учебного занятия


  • формировать у обучающихся навыки аудирования и устной речи по теме, употреблять грамматические структуры Present Simple Active and Passive в построении собственных предложений, уметь общаться в рамках заданной темы, используя различные виды деятельности.


  • воспитывать личностные качества (трудолюбие, активность, умение работать в сотрудничестве), коммуникабельность, приобретение знаний о специфике районов Крайнего Севера для дальнейшей трудовой деятельности.


  • развивать интеллект и лингвистические способности, формировать механизм языковой догадки, осуществлять в процессе изучения темы творческий подход.

Task 1. Study the new words and match the meaning.

1. peninsula [pɪˈnɪnsjʊlə]

a) forest that grows in wet ground in far northern regions of the earth

2. island [aɪlənd]

b) permanently waterlogged ground that is usually overgrown and sometimes partly forested

3. the Arctic Circle [ðiˈɑːktɪkˈsɜːkl]

c) connected with a town or city

4. the Arctic Ocean [ðiˈɑːktɪkˈəʊʃən]

d) an area of land that is almost surrounded by water but is joined to a larger piece of land

5. estuary [ˈɛstjʊəri]

e) belonging to a particular place rather than coming to it from somewhere else

6. tundra [ˈtʌndrə]

f) a person who continually moves from place to place

7. taiga [ˈtaɪgɑː]

g) connected with the countryside

8. swamp [swɒmp]

h) the mass of salt water that surrounds the North Pole

9. urban [ˈɜːbən]

i) the large, flat Arctic regions of northern Europe and Asia where no trees grow and where the soil below the surface of the ground is always frozen

10. rural [ˈrʊərəl]

j) a mass of land that is completely surrounded by water

11. indigenous [ɪnˈdɪʤɪnəs]

k) the line of latitude 66° 33′ North

12. Nomad [ˈnəʊməd]

l) the wide part of a river where it flows into the sea


You are going to listen to the text "What is Yamal for us?", and then do two tasks according to this text (record is attached)

Task 2. Complete the sentences using the information from the text, no more than 2-3 words (without articles).

  1. For some people Yamal is the region of ________
  2. The land of swamps and _________.
  3. For the others it's ___________ of the Russian innovation economics.
  4. Legendary names are forever remained in _____________
  5. The indigenous tribes are keepers of reindeer herding that is __________
  6. Fewer places on earth are home to ____________.
  7. This difficult environment unites the people physically through ___________
  8. The Yamal tribes are unified by __________.
  9. It is a culture that has had to survive ________
  10. The lake Khanto in Noyabrsk means ________.

Task 3. Decide whether these statements are T (True), False (F), NS (not stated).

  1. Yamal Peninsula is located in the northwest of Siberia and is washed by the Kara Sea.
  2. For some people it is the region of the Extreme South, the land of forests.
  3. The sacred animals for the Nenets people are polar bears.
  4. Arthur Chilingarov - the famous Russian scientist - is known for polar exploration, especially expeditions to the Arctic.
  5. The endangered species such as polar bears, reindeer, Siberian cranes are put into the Red Book.
  6. Many places on earth are home to a more challenging environment, an environment where temperatures plummet to -50C
  7. The Yamal tribes didn't change their way of life after the October Revolution.
  8. The tribes didn't agree with the collectivization and revolted against the Soviets. The well-known Yamal writers describe their native land so tenderly, that in the heart of a reader occurs genuine feeling
  9. Like the English proverb says: "Tastes differ!" we love the unfailing charm of our Yamal.


Task 4. Read the text and do the following tasks.

Our region - Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District (YANAO in Russian) - is located in the world's largest West Siberian Plain, just northeast of the geographic border between Europe and Asia above the Arctic Circle. It is one of the fourth autonomous districts of the Russian Federation and ranks 4th place (among 85 Federal Unities) in terms of economic stability after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Khanty-Mansiysk District (according 2020). The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District is a part of the Tyumen Region and belongs to the West Siberian Federal District. About 50% of the territory of the district is located beyond the Arctic Circle. Therefore, the characteristic nature feature of our district is the presence of permafrost. The thickness of the frozen ground reaches its maximum in the point of 450 m, approaching 500 m in the eastern part of the Gydan Peninsula. In 2014 the first large crater appeared near Bovanenkovo gas field.

The territory of the district includes three large peninsulas: Yamal, Tazovsky and Gadynsky, as well as a group of islands on the shelf of the Kara Sea: Bely, Litke, Sharapov Cats, Oleniy and others. In the west, the district includes a significant part of the Polar Urals.

The entire area of Yamal is replete with swamps, lakes and rivers. There are more than 300 thousand lakes in the district (?) The largest of them are: Vorchaty, Pyakuto, Yarato, Nembuto, Chertovy Lakes, Chaselskoye, Seymuto and others. The most beautiful lake is the Big Pike (Bolshoe Tchuchye). There are about 48 thousand rivers in the district.

On the territory of the district flows one of the largest rivers in Russia - the Ob. It flows into the Ob Bay - the desalinated bay of the Kara Sea. It is one of the largest estuaries in the world with the length of about 800 km, with the width of 30-90 km. The other large and navigable rivers of Yamal are Pur, Taz, Nadym, Shchuchya, Sob, Longot-ugan, Messoyakha.

Our district territory occupies the extreme north-west of Asia. The Arctic Ocean is bound by ice and has the strong impact to the climate. From north to south, the tundra zone, which occupies more than 75% of the territory, is replaced by forest tundra and taiga.

The area of the district exceeds the territory of any European state and is more than 750,000 km2, with the population density of only 0.7 people per km2. Among 85 Federation Unities (according to 2021) the Yamal Nenets Autonomous District occupies the 7th place in terms of area, and among the autonomous districts-the 3rd place.

In the west, Yamal borders with the Republic of Komi and the Nenets Autonomous District (Arkhangelsk Region), in the east - with the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous District, in the south - with the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, and in the north it is washed by the waters of the Kara Sea, where the 900-kilometer section of the state border of the Russian Federation passes.

The northernmost Yamal point is located at the northern extremity of the Yamal Peninsula, about 7 km east of Skuratov Cape. This is 695 km north of the Arctic Circle. Even deeper into the Arctic are the islands of the Kara Sea that are part of the district - White (Bely), Vilkitsky, Reindeer (Oleniy).

The southernmost Yamal point is at the source of the Etypur River (Pur River basin).

The population of our District is 540 thousand people (according 2021). The share of the urban population is constantly growing, about 85%, and the rural population is 15%. The capital of the District is Salekhard, located in the Arctic Circle. It is the small city with the population of 30 thousand people. Until 1932, Salekhard was called Obdorsk and was the prisoners' settlement center. Yamal is the historical homeland of the Far North tribes - the Nenets, the Khanty, the Mansi and the Selkup. The share of indigenous people is 6.7%, (48,932 people - according to 2020) about 14 thousand residents lead a nomadic lifestyle.

Currently, the territory of the district is divided into 7 administrative districts: Krasnoselkupsky, Nadymsky, Priuralsky, Purovsky, Tazovsky, Shuryshkarsky and Yamal. There are 7 cities of district subordination, they are Salekhard, Gubkinsky, Labytnangi, Nadym, Muravlenko, Noyabrsk and Novy Urengoy, as well as 8 workers' settlements and 103 rural settlements.

According to the special government decree the entire territory of our District is called the Extreme North and we have particular work and social rights. For example, we have special benefits in the form of monthly salary allowances, additional vacations, benefits when calculating pensions.

Task 5. Answer the questions according to the text.

  1. Where is our region located? - In the world's largest 1__ 2 ___ 3 ___
  2. How many Federal Unities are there in the Russian Federation? - (in figures)
  3. What place does our region rank in terms of economic stability? - (in letters)
  4. What are the names of the District peninsulas? - 1__ ,2 ___, 3 ___
  5. What is the entire area of Yamal replete with? 1__, 2 ___ ,3 ___
  6. Where does the largest river Ob flow into? 1__ 2 ___
  7. What is the percent of the tundra zone? - (in figures)
  8. How are the main native people of Yamal called? 1__, 2 ___, 3 ___ ,4__
  9. What is the capital of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District called now and before? 1__ 2 ___
  10. How many cities are there in the District subordination? - (in figures)
  11. What is the name of the most beautiful lake of our district? -
  12. What are the main islands in the Kara Sea belonging to Yamal? - (Prompt - three islands)
  13. What is the thickness of the frozen ground? - (in figures)
  14. When did the first crater appear? -

Task 6. Match the oppositions.





the north

white night







polar day







the south


solid ground

Task 7. Choose the right answer: (work with the map).

1. The Polar Ural divides:

а) the Pechora and the West-Siberian Plains; b) the East-European Plain; с) the West Siberian Plain

2. What peninsulas are located in our District?

a) Taymyr and Kola; b) the Yamal and the Gyda c) Kamchatka and Chukotka

3. Our District has such zones, as:

a) tundra and taiga; c) forests and valleys; c) desert and permafrost.

4. The largest part of Yamal indigenous people is:

a) the Komi; b) the Butyats; c) the Nenets

5. The Yamal-Nenets are unified by:

a) robust culture ; b) forgotten culture; c) weak culture.

6. The entire area of Yamal is replete with:

a) mountains and hills; b) prairie; c) swamps and lakes.

7. The two largest rivers of Yamal, except the Ob, are:

a) the Lena and the Pechora; b) the Pur and the Taz; c) the Longot-Yagan and the Messoyakha.

8. The northernmost Yamal point is located:

a) the Etypur River; b) in the Kara Sea: c) east of Skuratov Cape.

9. Ivan Mikhaylovich Gubkin was one of the first the Russian petroleum geologist who wrote the book "The Study of oil" and theoretically proved in 1932 that there was a large amount of oil:

a) between the Black and Caspian Seas: b) between the Volga and the Urals; c) between Kamchatka and Chukotka

10. The capital of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District is called Salekhard, according to the Nenets language means:

a) swan cape; b) the treasure cape; c) settlement near the cape;

Task 8. Answer the questions concerning the information, using the following phrases.

I think (We think)…
(я думаю…мы думаем)

According to the information …
(согласно информации)

As far as I (we) know…
(насколько я знаю….)

I (we) fully agree with…
(я полностью согласен)

(потому что)

I (we) can't agree with the statement…
(я не могу согласиться)


  1. What peninsula complains of its size?
  2. Where is Yamal situated?
  3. What country can compare with our district?
  4. What tribes live in our territory?
  5. The largest river in our district is Tobol, isn't it?
  6. What are the main industries in our district?
  7. What do the Nenets usually do?
  8. Who leads the Nenets people to the Arctic pastures?

Task 9. Add the words.

  1. …(who)…. are the keepers of a style the reindeer herding that is the last of its kind.
  2. Today more than 10,000 nomads herd 300,000 domestic reindeer on the pastures (where)……
  3. No one knows for certain whether it is the reindeer that lead the…(whom) or vice versa.
  4. It is a culture that has had to survive a turbulent history, from ……….to……
  5. The Nenets culture is ……………

Task 10. Write in one sentence.

  1. What is a plain?
  2. What is the Yamal crater?
  3. What is the permafrost?
  4. What is an estuary?
  5. What is a cape?