Цель урока: способствовать формированию навыков социолингвистической и лингвострановедческой компетенций учащихся.
- Совершенствование и пополнение лексической базы учащихся.
- Формирование речевых навыков и навыков аудирования.
- Совершенствование навыков выразительного рассказывания стихотворений.
- Осуществление межпредметных связей с историей, литературой, музыкой.
- Формирование социокультурной компетенции учащихся.
- Поддержание интереса к изучению культурных традиций Великобритании.
- Развитие мотивации к изучению английского языка.
- Развитие интереса к культуре собственной страны; воспитание уважительного отношения к культуре страны изучаемого языка;
- Воспитание толерантности, уважения учащихся друг к другу, умения слушать собеседника.
Тип урока: обобщающий с элементами введения нового материала.
- праздничное оформление кабинета,
- мультимедийный проектор с большим экраном,
- музыкальный центр,
- записи рождественских песен,
(Звучит Рождественская музыка и на фоне ее учитель начинает урок)
Merry, Merry Christmas
Is likely to come.
Merry, Merry Christmas,
You are welcome!
Snow in the window,
Bright-blue, red and yellow
Lights on the tree.
Smiling eyes and faces,
Sweet music in the hall,
I think someone places
Happiness here for all.
Merry, Merry Christmas
Is likely to come.
Merry, Merry Christmas,
You are welcome!
I. Организационный момент.
Teacher: Good morning, children! I am gland to see you. How are you today? Ask each other in a chain! I see that you are fine. Then, let’s start our lesson! I hope that it will be interesting for you during our lesson. Do you like holidays? As for me, my favourite holiday is New Year. I like it because of snowy, frosty weather and New Years tree with bright lights. What holiday is your favourite? How do you usually spend it?
You know that people like to celebrate holidays all over the world. Nowadays different people celebrate different holidays. Some people think there are holidays and celebrations that are important; others think that they play a small role in our lives. Britain is special. It has its own ways, customs and traditions. Most British people are proud of their traditions and customs and they carefully follow them.
Answer my questions, please!
a) What traditions do British people preserve?
b) How do British people feel about their traditions and customs?
с) What celebrations are most popular?
d) What religious holidays do you know?
e) What do British people celebrate on the 25th of December?
1. Введение в тему урока.
Teacher: Different people live in different countries. Different countries have different Christmas traditions. Today we are speaking about Christmas traditions in Great Britain. Your home task was to prepare small topics about Christmas in English speaking countries.
2. Практика говорения.
Учащиеся рассказывают о Рождестве в англоязычных странах.
Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25. People of different countries celebrate Christmas in various ways. Christmas is a time for eating. The traditional food is turkey, Christmas cake, Christmas pudding made of fruit. Candles at Christmas also go back to those times. People believed then that their light helped them to forget the darkness of winter. Tree stands in everybody’s living room at Christmas.
Christmas is one of the most favourite English and American holidays. People in England and in America celebrate Christmas on the 25th of December. Some weeks before Christmas people are very busy. They buy a Christmas tree, presents and greetings cards. People decorate their Christmas tree with colored balls, stars, crackers, tinsel and colored lights. People put presents under the Christmas tree.
II. Основная часть:
1. Фонетическая зарядка.
Teacher:Look at the blackboard and repeat the following words after me.
Christmas, holidays, New Year tree, greeting cards, Santa Claus, presents, first foot, shepherds, angel, holly, ivy, evergreen, mistletoe, carols, Christmas pudding, Boxing Day.
2. Развитие навыков аудирования:
Teacher:Traditionally Christmas is considered to be a religious holiday. It is the day on which Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. The Christmas story comes from the Bible. St.Luke tells a beautiful story of shepherds who were watching their sheep when an angel appeared to them. He told them that a Saviour had been born in the town of Bethlehem. The shepherds went there to see Jesus. According to the Bible the baby Jesus was born in a stable two thousand years ago and was the Son of God. His mother was the Virgin Mary. The word “Christmas” means “Christ’s Mass”. The Mass is an ancient Christian church service at which people give praise and glory to God.
Есть страны, где люди от века не знают
Ни вьюг, ни сыпучих снегов,
Там только нетающим снегом сверкают
Вершины гранитных хребтов
Цветы там душистые, звёзды крупнее
Светлей и нарядней весна
И ярче там перья у птиц, и теплее
Там дышит морская волна
В такой-то стране, ароматною ночью
При шепоте лавров и роз
Свершилось желанное чудо воочию
Родился младенец – Христос
Показывается видеоролик о рождении Христа на английском языке.
3. Развитие коммуникативных навыков.
Teacher: There are some interesting traditions and customs connected with Christmas in Great Britain. British people are very proud of them and try to observe them carefully. Today we will tell about some of these traditions.
Pupil 1: Christmas Day is on the 25th of December. It is the greatest holiday in Britain. British people celebrate this holiday with big dinners. Children have much fun. They play under Christmas trees, find presents in their Christmas stockings, eat Christmas puddings, watch pantomimes. The grown-ups don’t go to work on that day. .
HOLLY AND MISTLETOE
Teacher: Christmas is a happy holiday. Families prepare for this holiday weeks before. They decorate their homes with wreaths of holly, ivy, evergreens and mistletoe.
Pupil 1: Holly is an evergreen plant with sharp pointed leaves and red berries. You know already that people put holly on Christmas pudding. They also use holly to decorate their homes. It is a very old tradition. Long ago people began to put holly in their homes during the dark cold winters. They liked to look at holly and think about the spring and the sun.
Pupil 2: Mistletoe is an evergreen plant with small leaves and small white berries. On Christmas Eve there is a bunch of mistletoe in every house. Under this bunch boys kiss girls.
CHRISTMAS FLAGS AND HATS
Pupil 1: Before Christmas children make small flags. On these flags they paint British, American, French, German, Finnish and other flags. They hang Christmas flags on the Christmas tree or decorate the room with them. Christmas hats are made of coloured paper. Children and grown-ups like to wear them at Christmas.
Pupil 1: The most popular of all the Christmas evergreens is the fir tree. The idea of bringing a fir tree indoors at Christmas occurred in the 16th century. Fir trees decorated with fruit, sweets, cookies, wafers and candles have been popular in Germany ever since. By the 17th century they were known as “Christ trees”. Children decorate the Christmas tree with 'tinsel, toys, shining balls and flags. They place a shining star at the top of the Christmas tree.
Teacher: That’s right! Let’s listen to the story about Christmas tree
P: У самого входа в пещеру, где лежал Божественный Младенец, стояли три дерева: стройная пальма, прекрасная пахучая маслина и скромная зеленая елка. Пальма и маслина преподнесли Младенцу свои дары. Пальма – свой самый красивый лист, маслина – благовонное масло.
Елка: Я слишком бедна, ничтожна и недостойна, чтобы показаться прекрасному Божественному Младенцу (плачет).
Ангел: Милая елка, так как ты в своей скромности уничижаешь себя, то Бог возвысит тебя и украсит великолепием более чем твоих сестер. Отсюда и пошла традиция украшать елку.
Take your dreams this Christmas
And decorate the tree.
Look up high
And once again
The glowing star you’ll see.
Take your dreams
And carry them
Into the coming year.
Dreams are made of hope and love
Whenever faith is near.
Teacher: I suggest you to song “Oh, Christmas tree!”
4. Развитие навыков чтения.
Teacher: Read the text about Santa Claus
At Christmas traditional gift bringers visit children all over the world. Santa Claus is the best known of these. Santa Claus is an American name. In Europe he was known for centuries as St. Nicholas. The change occurred when the Dutch imported Nicholas to America. His name became “Sinterklass” and finally Santa Claus. St. Nicholas is said to be a rich man who used his wealth to help others. People loved him for his generosity. He always left presents to good children. In England the spirit of Christmas is known as Father Christmas. They say he comes from the North Pole in a reindeer-drawn sleigh. He has a white beard and red and white clothes. He is always merry. You know already that Father Christmas (Santa Claus) comes into children’s homes on Christmas Eve.
Teacher: Answer my questions:
- What does Santa Claus look like?
- How does Santa Claus travel?
- How does Santa Claus enter houses to give children Christmas presents and where does he put them?
Teacher: In the evening of the 24th of December children hang their Christmas stocking on their beds or put them under the Christmas tree. Father Christmas puts presents into them. A Christmas stocking is not a real stocking. It is big and beautifully decorated.
Pupil 1: All English children hang their stockings at the foot of their beds or at the fireplace on Christmas Eve. During the night Father Christmas (Santa Claus) comes and fills the stockings with presents. A Christmas stocking is not a real stocking. It is big and beautifully decorated.
Teacher: Turkey, goose, roast beef, Christmas pudding, small round mince pies, nuts and oranges….Every year the traditional Christmas dishes appear on the dinner tables of Britain.
Pupil 1: The traditional Christmas dinner is roast turkey with vegetables and Christmas pudding. In England people make Christmas pudding before Christmas. Everyone in family makes a wish. When the pudding is hot they put 5-penny pieces in it, and sometimes a little silver horseshoe, a button and a ring. If you find a button in your piece of pudding you will be rich, a horseshoe means happiness and good luck, a ring – marriage. Christmas pudding is a traditional English dish for the Christmas dinner table
Teacher Every English family sends and receives many Christmas cards. Traditionally there is a robin on almost every card (and you know already that a robin as a Christmas bird). Sometimes there is a bunch of holly on the Christmas card. You can read on the card: “Merry Christmas!”
Учащиеся обмениваются Рождественскими открытками.
Teacher Let’s congratulate each other and sing the song “We wish you a Merry Christmas”.
Teacher: It is a tradition to sing Christmas carols on the radio and in public places during this season. Carols are Christmas songs. They are songs about the birth of Jesus. People often sing carols in the streets or at home on Christmas Eve.
The most popular carols are “O Little Town of Bethlehem”, “Silent Night”, “The First Noel”, “Joy to the World” and “Jingle Bells”.
Звучит песня “Jingle Bells”.
Teacher: It is also a custom in Britain to give friends and relatives presents on the day after Christmas Day. People call this day Boxing Day. Listen to a story about this day and you will learn why it has such a special name.
Teacher: The 26th December – Boxing Day is an extra holiday after Christmas. This day people usually give and receive presents. This is time to visit friends and relatives or to sit at home and watch football. Boxing Day is on the 26th of December. It is the second day of Christmas. This day is a bank holiday. People do not go to work on that day. They visit friends or go to the theatre. Everybody gives and receives Christmas cards and Christmas boxes. Traditionally people put their Christmas presents into boxes
Teacher: We, in Russia, have Christmas too, but we celebrate this great holiday on the 7th of January. We like this holiday very much. But we like New Year better. What do you know about New Year’s Day?
P1: The first holiday of the year is New Year’s Day. There are a lot of New Year traditions in Russia. In every home there is a New Year tree with lights and decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them a present. Many people think New Year’s Day to be a family holiday.
But in England not all English people celebrate New Year. A lot of people go to Trafalgar Square to see the Christmas tree. They have a New Year party at home. When Big Ben strikes 12 they drink a toast for the New Year.
III. Подведение итогов урока. Оценки.
Teacher: Thank you for your excellent work. The lesson is over! Good-bye!