Урок английского языка по теме "Экология" (9-й класс)

Разделы: Иностранные языки

Класс: 9

Тема: Экология.

Тип урока: Обобщающий.

Цели урока:

1. Учить школьников бережно относиться к окружающей среде.
2. Вырабатывать логическое мышление, умение сопоставлять, выражать своё мнение.
3. Учить общаться с одноклассниками.

Задачи урока:

1. Активизировать лексику по теме в разных видах деятельности: чтение, аудирование, говорение.
2. Подготовить учащихся к устному монологическому высказыванию по теме “Проблемы окружающей среды”.

Ход урока.

  1. Начало урока. Приветствие. Знакомство с темой.
  2. Teacher: Morning! May I ask you a question? How are you? There are many guests at our lesson. Are you nervous? Indifferent? Why? Do you know the topic for today’s discussion?

    Yes, you are right. Today we shall continue speaking about ecology. We’ll go deeper into the environmental problems.

  3. Повторение лексики.
  4. Teacher: Let’s begin with the words.

    Учащиеся читают слова по карточкам:

    Environment, ecology, pollution, overcrowding, destruction, resources, exhaust, extinct, cause, habitat, littering, living things.

    Teacher: There are many types of dictionaries: English-Russian, Russian-English. When do you use them? Today you’ll have a chance to work with an English- English dictionary.

    Task: Read the meaning and guess the word:

    – The scientific study of the natural relations of plants, animals, people to each other and their surroundings. (Ecology).

    – The act of making (air, water, land) dangerously impure. (Pollution).

    – Too many people in one place. (Overcrowding).

    – The act of destroying, putting an end to the existence of sоmething. (Destruction).

    – The act of throwing things away untidily. (Littering).

    – Plants, animals, people. (Living things).

    – The natural home of a plant or animal. (Habitat).

    Teacher: Good job!

  5. Активизация лексики.
  6. Task: Who would like to fill in the blanks?

    Некоторые учащиеся получают карточки с заданием:

    The Earth is our ___________. We must take care of it. The importance of this task is ____________ by the ecologists, scientists, who study the relations between living things and their ____________. Each of us must do everything possible to ___________ the land, air and water clean. Of course, people undertake some measures to ____________ the environment, but this activity is complicated by the economic difficulties.

    Protect, home, keep, pointed out, environment.

    Учитель в это время работает с группой над содержанием текста домашнего задания.

    Task: Complete my sentences:

    – Ecology is …

    – The word “ecology” comes from …

    – The idea of “home” includes …

    – The environmental problems of today …

    – The intensive development of science …

    Task: Find and read out.

    Why is overcrowding a problem?

    Task: Translate into English.

    1. Не нужно бороться за чистоту, а нужно взять метлу и подмести улицу.

    (You shouldn’t strive for cleanliness, you should take a broom and sweep your street).

    2. Ты можешь улучшить окружающую среду.

    3. За миллионы лет многие живые существа приспособились к изменению климата.

    4. Для живых существ гораздо труднее приспособиться к выбросам в окружающую среду вредных веществ, производимых человеком.

  7. Расширение темы. Новый материал.

Teacher: There is a nice saying on the blackboard today. Will you read and translate?

Pupil: We do not own the Earth we have borrowed it from the future generation.

Teacher: What does it mean? (На доске написаны опорные словосочетания: “take care of …”, “think only about today”, “keep … for your children”).

Teacher: Still the developing human civilization harms the environment. Animals are in danger. Why? Why do people kill them?

Pupil: They kill animals because they consider them dangerous.

Pupil: They kill animals for fur and trunks to make clothes and ornaments.

Pupil: Just for sport.

Pupil: For medicine.

Teacher: Will you tell us about the animals who are in danger today?

Сильные учащиеся готовили сообщения и вопросы для группы. Темы сообщений: “The Blue Whale”, “Monk Seal”, “Leopards”, “Passenger pigeon”. На одном уроке нет возможности выслушать всех, поэтому остальные темы прозвучали на последующих занятиях.

Teacher: What can you do to solve the problem? Make sentences using modal verbs.





become a member of WWF


avoid wearing fur


become a vegetarian


litter the forests

destroy the habitats

5. Role-play.

Teacher: Are you a vegetarian, Alex? It is good or bad to be a vegetarian? Are you for or against? Let’s have a role-play. I’ll give you cards that divide you into two teams: “for” and “against”. Let’s listen to your discussion: “To be or not to be a veggie”. Don’t forget to use the phrases of spoken etiquette.

Учитель раздаёт карточки (материал взят из журнала “Speak Out” №1, 2000г.)

Olga: It’s stupid to say everybody must be a vegetarian. In some places, it’s very difficult to get enough to eat. People have to eat what they can get.

Lena: I don’t really care if I eat meat or not, but my parents say I must. Maybe when I’m older.

Kate: The thought of eating a dead animal actually makes me sick.

Andrew: Vegetarianism is silly. You can’t live forever on cucumbers and apples, can you?

John: I’ll never become a vegetarian. I love fast food so I eat lots of hot dogs and hamburgers.

Natasha: Animals don’t wish to be killed and would like to enjoy life to the full, just as any human would. Killing animals is a crime.

Stephen: You never see a tiger or a lion feeling sorry for its victim, do you?

Simon: Why is killing an animal different from killing a human?

Mary: I don’t think it’s necessary to kill to eat. It’s cruel to let animals suffer so much.

Christopher: If you went to the slaughterhouse to see how animals are killed, you wouldn’t eat meat.

Учитель направляет ход дискуссии. Учащиеся должны, выслушав мнение, согласиться или возразить, используя речевые клише: “I think you’re mistaken”, “I fully agree with you” и т.д.

Teacher: Have you ever thought of your future? Do you think the people of tomorrow will be happier that we are?

Звучит отрывок из песни Джона Леннона “Imagine”.

Teacher: I shall read you a sentence. If it is optimistic raise your red card, if it is pessimistic – a blue one (перед уроком учащиеся получили карточки двух цветов).

  1. In future people will live longer, many diseases will disappear.
  2. People will cut down all the forests.
  3. There will be no fish in the rivers.
  4. We shall be able to control the weather.
  5. We shall not be able to breathe without a gas mask on.
  6. We shall exhaust all the resources.
  7. There won’t be any conflicts between people.
  8. We shall find new sources of energy.
  1. Заключительная часть урока. Подведение итогов.

Teacher: What can you do to keep the Earth clean and healthy? You should be a friend to her. Will you read a poem “Hug the Earth”?

Walking along feeling free,
Feeling the earth here with me,
And I love her, she loves me,
I hug the Earth, the Earth hugs me.
She’s our friend,
We’d like to be together forever.
The earth is a garden,
It’s a beautiful place
For all living creatures,
For all the human race.
Helping Mother Earth,
We can peacefully roam,
We all deserve a place,
We can call our home.