Тема: Travelling. Travelling abroad: pros and cons.
Цель: активизация тематической лексики в устной речи учащихся в диалогической и монологической формах в процессе развития иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции школьников.
- Развивать умения и навыки учащихся выражать согласие или несогласие.
- Расширять знания учащихся о стране изучаемого языка.
- Воспитывать чувство уважения и интерес к культуре и народу страны изучаемого языка; воспитывать потребность в практическом применении языка.
Тип урока: Повторительно-обобщающий урок.
Форма проведения: Интерактивная беседа.
Формы работы: фронтальная, парная, индивидуальная.
Учебное пособие: В.П.Кузовлев, Н.М. Лапа, Э.Ш. Перегудова Английский язык: учебник для 8 класса общеобразовательных учреждений. Unit 1. М.: Просвещение, 2006.
1. Организационный момент
– Сообщение задач урока.
T: At our previous English lessons we said that travelling is very often an important part of people’s life. There are many ways of travelling that attract a lot of tourists. And today I want you to elaborate upon this idea and prove this statement.
2. Речевая разминка
You may use the key words cards which I am sure will give you an idea and a good opportunity to practise your language skills. Will you look through the key words of Card 1 I am going to give you?
Учитель предлагает каждому учащемуся карточку 1, содержащую речевые опоры по теме «Путешествие». Well, have you scanned the words and the expressions which are familiar to you? I suppose you have, haven’t you? So, it’s time for us to start the conversation. First hоwever I want you to ask each other questions about travelling.
Далее речевую зарядку урока учитель проводит в режимах [Т – Р1, Р2, Р3] фронтальная беседа и [Т – Р1. T – Р2] управляемый диалог. Речевые опоры предоставляют учащимся необходимую информацию и способствуют активизации их речепорождающей мыслительной деятельности, так как, чтобы выразить мысль на изучаемом иностранном языке, учащиеся обдумывают еще и необходимые грамматические явления английского языка, являющиеся основой грамотной речи.
|– to be impossible without travelling people’s life
– to go on a business trip or to travel for pleasure Thousands of people
– different ways of travelling there are
– to travel by air, by rail, by sea, by road, on foot
– to be the fastest and the most convenient way of travelling by air
– the most expensive way of travelling by plane
– to have its advantages too travelling by train
– to make the longest journey enjoyable
– the main advantages of trains ‘speed, comfort and safety in comfortable seats of the sleeping cars
– to prefer trains to other means of transport
|– to be very popular travelling by sea
– to go on a two-week cruise travelling by ship
– to be very popular too travelling by car
– to stop at any place you like
– to spend at any place as much time as you like
– to be very popular with young people hiking
– to enjoy the countryside
– to live in tents on the sea shore or in the forest
– to breathe in fresh air and the sun all day
– to play sports games and enjoy the sunset
– to return home sunburnt and full of impressions
T: Ask your classmates if people’s life is really impossible without
P1: Is people’s life really impossible without travelling?
P2: I think people’s life is sometimes really impossible without travelling.
T: Ask your classmates why many people travel.
P2: Why do a lot of people travel?
P3: There are different reasons for that, I believe. Some of them travel for pleasure and there are people who go on a business trip.
T: Ask your classmates what ways of travelling they know.
P3: What ways of travelling do you know?
P4: Actually there are a lot of ways of travelling which anyone may choose. People may travel by air, by railway, by sea, by road and certainly on foot.
T: Ask your classmates which way of travelling the fastest one is.
P4: Which way of travelling is the fastest one?
P5: The fastest way of travelling is of course that one by plane.
T: Ask your classmates about advantages and disadvantages of travelling by plane.
P5: What can you say about the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by air?
P6: No doubt it’s actually rather pleasant to travel by air because it is the most convenient way of travelling but on the other hand it is also the most expensive way of travelling and there are many people who can’t afford it.
T: Ask your classmates if travelling by train has its advantages.
P6: What about the advantages of travelling by train? Are there any?
P7: I think speed, comfort and safety in comfortable seats of the sleeping cars are the main advantages of modern trains. All this makes the longest journey enjoyable. And besides travelling by train isn’t as expensive as by plane. So many more people prefer trains to other means of transport.
T: Good. Thank you. But now ask your classmates about travelling by sea.
P7: Is travelling by sea popular too?
P8: Yes, travelling by ship is also popular with many tourists, who are happy to go on a two- or three-week cruise to enjoy a lot of different places of interest in their own country.
T: What about travelling by car? Ask your friends why this way of transport is also very popular.
P8: Why is travelling by car very popular too?
P9: This way of transport I think is also very popular because it’s very convenient. You needn’t to reserve tour tickets and you have an opportunity to stop wherever you wish. You may also spend at any place as much time as you like and have a good time.
T: All right. But there is one more way of having a good time. It’s hiking. Ask your friends what is good about hiking.
P9: What is good about hiking? Why do many young people prefer it?
P10: It’s rather pleasant to feel nature every day. That’s why hiking is very popular with many young people who enjoy the countryside. It is really romantic to live in tents on the sea shore or in the forest. And besides it’s so nice to breathe in fresh air and enjoy the sun all day long.
T: What about sports activities people can be involved in when they are on a hiking trip?
P9: Playing sports is of course one of the most useful activities many young people are involved in when they are on a hiking trip. But enjoying the sunset and returning home sunburnt and full of impressions are enjoyable for everybody.
T: Thank you, boys and girls. I’m pleased with your questions and answers about travelling.
3. Выполнение учащимися индивидуально и коллективно различного рода устных заданий обобщающего и систематизирующего характера. Проверка выполнения работ и восполнение имеющихся пробелов
T: Thank you, boys and girls. I’m pleased with your questions and answers about travelling. But you see there are different points of view upon it. And I want you to learn how to explain various opinions upon the problem. Imagine you don’t like travelling. More than that, you dislike travelling abroad. So try to express your negative attitude towards it. Card 2 will help you. You know all of these words, don’t you? So try to use them. Учитель раздает речевые опоры карточки 2.
|Arguments against tourism abroad
You don’t need
You don’t have
T: With the help of these key words try to give reasons and explain why you are against travelling abroad. Don’t forget your colloquial vocabulary. So consult the list of the words given in Card 3 too. Who wants to be the first to speak? Do, please.
|Colloquial vocabulary to use|
|– First, …
– Second, …
– Third, …
– Besides, …
– More than that …
|– What is more …
– That’s why …
– By the way, …
– On the one hand …
– On the other hand …
|– I agree with the view that …
– I disagree with the view that
– I’d like to add that …
– May I put in a word?
– I for one think that …
P: May I put in a word? Actually there are a lot of interesting places
to visit in our own country. That’s why I for one think there is no need travelling
P: As for me I agree with this point of view. And I think it’s better to spend your holidays at home. And so you will never need to buy or to reserve tickets and think of timetables or to carry heavy suitcases.
P: More than that you don’t have to wait at airports and railway stations or to think of rucksacks and suitcases. The only thing you can do is to speak your own language and to choose your favourite food.
P: I’d like to add that travelling abroad makes your relatives and friends wait for you and worry. But if you don’t go abroad they are always near you.
P: By the way, I should say that a lot of places are polluted and become dangerous for people’s health. So I suppose there is no use going abroad.
T: I see. And of course this conversation “against travelling abroad” was certainly a kind of a joke. No doubt that actually I am sure all of you deep in heart have a wish to travel somewhere one day. There are a lot of interesting places to see you know. As for the knowledge of the English language it can help you to visit many English-speaking countries. Britain is among them. So now I want you “to change your mind” and say a few words in favour of travelling abroad. The key words of Card 4 will help you. So ask each other what is good about travelling abroad. Don’t forget to use your colloquial vocabulary of Card 3. Who wants to start?
|Arguments in favour of going abroad
– to discover
new places in other countries it’s wonderful
– can help to improve the knowledge of foreign languages travelling
P: I do. I disagree with the view that travelling abroad is of no use.
First, I should say that it’s wonderful to discover new places in other countries when
you go abroad. Second, travelling abroad is a part of people’s education.
P: And third, travelling teaches people about art and culture and to be understanding. Besides travelling broadens the mind and helps people to relax sometimes after their hard work.
P: May I join the conversation? Travelling abroad can help people practise speaking foreign languages, English for example. Tourists often make friends with interesting people abroad. This can also help them to improve their knowledge of foreign languages.
T: I’d like to say that English you are learning at school is of course one of your school subjects. But the problem is wider. I want each of you to accept English first of all as a means of communication which makes you learn more about other countries, their traditions and customs. And this adds more to intercultural dialogue, doesn’t it?
P: It does. And on the other hand due to English for example and other foreign languages many people also receive a good opportunity to go sightseeing abroad. And this also adds to people’s friendship and understanding.
T: You are right. And at our today’s English lesson I’d like to offer you to make a tour, to be more exact a virtual tour abroad. Are you interested to know what country it will be?
P: What country will it be?
T: Certainly Britain and its capital. At our previous English lessons we have already spoken about London and its historical places of interest. And before going to the capital of the UK I want to see how well you know the names of the most famous London sights. Let us quickly read them for us to remember them better. Card 5 will help us to do it.
Для повторения названий основных достопримечательностей Лондона учитель раздает карточки раздаточного материала. Отрабатывается фонетическое звучание лексики, учащиеся читают знакомые уже названия достопримечательностей Лондона «по цепочке», а затем – за учителем в режиме [T – Children] работа хором.
T: Thank you, boys and girls. Now we may start our virtual excursion along the streets of London. First, however, I’d like to see if you really remember some of the historical places of interest of this city. I want you to scan Card 6 and choose the correct answer about some historical London sights. Do, please.
Учитель раздает карточки для индивидуальной работы. Учащиеся выбирают правильные ответы и записывают их буквами “a” и “b”.
DO YOU KNOW SIGHTS OF LONDON WELL?
|Say a few words about SIGHTS OF LONDON using their names in the right way|
|1 – Great Britain – Великобритания
2 – the United Kingdom – Объединенное Королевство
3 – England – Англия
4 – London – Лондон
5 – the Thames River – река Темза
6 – the Tower of London – Тауэр
7 – the Tower Bridge – Тауэрский мост
8 – the Houses of Parliament – палаты парламента
9 – the British Parliament – Британский парламент
10 – the House of Lords – палата лордов
11 – the House of Commons – палата общин
12 – the Clock Tower – часовая башня
13 – Sir Benjamin Hall
14 – Big Ben
15 – St. Paul’s Cathedral
16 – Christopher Wren
17 – Buckingham Palace
18 – the British Royal family
19 – Changing of the Guard
20 – Trafalgar Square
21 – Nelson’s Column
22 – the National Gallery
23 – Westminster Abbey
24 – the British Museum
25 – the London Eye
DO YOU KNOW LONDON SIGHTS WELL?
|Choose the correct answer|
|1. Was London started a as a fortress by the Romans or b as
the northern capita! of the Romans?
2. Is Westminster Abbey a a beautiful church or b part of the Houses of Parliament?
3. Are British monarchs crowned a in Westminster Abbey or b at St. Paul’s Cathedral?
4. Is Buckingham Palace a a museum or ‘b the place where the Royal family lives?
5. Was the Tower of London founded a by William the Conqueror or ‘b by the Romans?
6. Is the Tower of London an important a fortress or b a museum now?
7. Was the Statue of Liberty given to the USA a by France or b by Britain?
8. Is the Metropolitan Museum a famous museum a in Londonor b in New York City?
T: Are you ready? Good.
DO YOU KNOW LONDON SIGHTS WELL?
1 – a 5 – a
2 – a 6 – b
3 – a 7 – a
4 – b 8 – b
T: There is little time left before the end of the lesson but I’m sure you will be able to point out the right answers to the questions about the British capital sights in Card 7.
|THE BRITISH CAPITAL SIGHTS|
|Read the questions and find the correct answer
1. What is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland?
2. What is the name of the river on which the British capital is situated?
3. What was the Tower of London in the past first?
4. What are the laws of Great Britain made by?
5. What period are the MPs of the House of Commons elected by the population for?
6. When was the Clock Tower Big Ben near the Houses of Parliament built?
7. Who was in charge of the building of the London Clock Tower?
8. When was St. Paul’s Cathedral erected?
9. What is the official London residence of the British Royal family?
10. What is Westminster Abbey?
В заранее заготовленных пронумерованных карточках учащиеся буквами “a”, “b”, “c” быстро отмечают правильные ответы на вопросы карточки 7 о достопримечательностях Лондона.
THE BRITISH CAPITAL SIGHTS
Test. The key
1 – c 6 – b
2 – b 7 – a
3 – c 8 – c
4 – b 9 – b
5 – b 10 – a
4. Подведение итогов
T: Our lesson is coming to an end. I am pleased with your work today.
– Оценки. Комментарий к ним.
– Окончание урока.