Достопримечательности Лондона

Разделы: Иностранные языки

Цель урока: совершенствование речевых навыков по теме.

1. Социокультурный аспект цели.

Знакомство с некоторыми особенностями дружеских взаимоотношений в культуре стран изучаемого языка, нашедших своё отражение в стихотворении американского подростка Марка Сантоса.

2. Развивающий аспект цели.

  • Развитие речевых умений, познавательных способностей, чувств, эмоций учащихся.
  • Развитие умения аудировать с целью общего охвата содержания.
  • Развитие монологической речи, используя такие коммуникативные типы речи, как повествование и сообщение.

3. Учебный аспект цели.

  • Формирование лексических навыков говорения в процессе усвоения знаний.

4. Воспитательный аспект цели.

  • Воспитание потребности в практическом использовании языка.
  • Воспитание прогрессивных изменений в структуре личности.
  • Формирование способности понимать чужие точки зрения на проблему дружеских взаимоотношений между людьми.

Речевой материал.

to get together

to be fun to be with

to be easy to get along with

to have a good laugh

to be boring to be with

to understand each other

to have something in common

to talk the problems through

to fall out with each other

to cheer up

to have similar interests

to keep up communication

to make up

to care about each other

considerate – внимательный

responsible – ответственный

loyal – верный, преданный

kind – добрый

attentive – внимательный

supportive – благосклонный

reliable – надежный

friendly – дружелюбный

easy – going – общительный

industrious – трудолюбивый

Оснащение: компьютер, пословицы о дружбе.

Ход урока

1. Презентация темы и задач урока

T.: Good morning, dear friends. I am glad to see you at our English lesson. Let’s go down to work. The aim of our lesson today is to develop speech habits on the topic “Friends and Friendship”. Now look on the screen, please. There you can see a poem by Mark Santos, an American teenager.

T.: “ For me a friend is a person who cares,
For me a friend is a person who shares,
A person who is honest and fair,
A friend is someone who is always there.
Friendship is a feeling that lasts forever.
And a true friend betrays you never.

T.: Answer, please. How does Mark characterize friends and friendship?

P1: Friends are people, who care, share, who are always there and betrays you never, who are helpful.

P2.: Friendship is a feeling that lasts forever.

Групповая работа.

Организация коммуникативного овладения продуктивными ЛЕ, речевыми образцами со зрительной опорой (учащиеся делятся на две группы. Обе группы говорят об одной и той же картине, изображенной на экране (группа веселых молодых людей), используя продуктивный речевой материал, данный на экране. 1-ая группа пользуется речевым материалом 1го столбика, 2ая второго столбика, отвечая на вопросы).

T. On the screen you see the word box, use it while answering the questions below.

1) What shows that the children are friends?

2) Why do young people make friends?

3) What is special about them?

3. Проверка выполнения домашнего задания (прокомментировать английские поговорки, данные на экране)

T.: Your assignment in English for today was to comment on the English proverbs you see on the screen:

1) “A friend in need is a friend indeed”

2) “A good friend is as the sun in winter”

3) “One for all and all for one”

4) “A friend is easier lost than found”

P3: The proverb “A friend in need is a friend indeed” means that we cannot live without friends, that real friends are always ready to help each other, that real friendship is possible only when people respect and trust each other. So, the friend that helps when you need help is a true and real friend.

P4: “A good friend is a as sun in winter”.

This is a good proverb, isn’t it? The proverb means that a real friend makes your life happier and more interesting. He is dear to you and you want your friendship to last for a very long time. That’s what I think about this proverb.

P5: “One for all and all for one”.

This proverb is the slogan of the collective. The pupils’ collective is strong when its members are good comrades and friends. Collective activity among the pupils means that everybody has a duty. You should never do anything which is against your collective. Such friendship means that you will criticize your friend if he is wrong and always try to help him if it is necessary.

T.: 1) Has everybody duty in your class?

2) Is your class collective strong?

P6: “A friend is easier lost than found”.

This proverb means that it is difficult to find a good friend. You may lose a friend quickly if you do something wrong. We must always think how to keep friendship. And there is another thing which is no less important. I you want to have a friend you have to be good friends yourselves.

4. Развитие умения аудировать с целью общего охвата содержания. (Учащимся предлагается текст для аудирования)

T.: “Now you will hear (read) a story about a friendship which did not last long.

Let us listen to what Raya, a seventh-form pupil, has to say in a letter to her favourite writer. Then there will be a discussion in which, I hope, everybody will take an active part. Here is Raya’s letter”.

I am very, very sad today. You see, two or three months ago I was introduced to Nina from a parallel form. We became friends very quickly. We went together to the skating-rink and to the library. Sometimes Nina came to my place to do homework. And she was so beautiful, so clever. I thought she was ready to do anything for our friendship. I didn’t go to her place, and I cannot explain why. Perhaps because she did not ask me to visit her or because I had no time.

Yesterday Nina did not come to school, so I decided to visit her after the sixth lesson. Well, when I entered Nina’s flat, I saw that she was not ill. She was having dinner. She did not ask me to take off my coat or to join her at the dinner table.

After dinner Nina began to tell me about many expensive things bought by her parents. Here, at home, she was very different from what she was at school, and I did not want to stay at her place any more.

When I was leaving, Nina said, “Don’t say anything at school, please. And come again when you have time, we’ll listen to some music”.

Well, I have lost a friend and I am not very sorry. But how can I trust people who may have two faces like Nina has? As a member of the school literature circle she spoke about high moral principles and what is right and wrong. But at home she spoke proudly about what her father could buy with his money. I am very sad today.

Предлагаются вопросы по тексту, цель которых подвести ребят к пониманию таких истин:

  • человек может иметь истинные и мнимые достоинства;
  • о человеке судят не по словам, а по его делам и поступкам;
  • разочаровавшись в друге, нельзя утрачивать веру в людей.
  1. For a long time Raya only heard Nina’s words. She did not see what Nina did in different situations. In this explanations of why Raya did not know her friend well?
  2. Why wasn’t Raya very sorry when she lost her friend?
  3. Do you think she was right?
  4. What must we do not make mistakes in choosing friends?
  5. Do you think it’s always right to part from your friend if you learn something unpleasant about him or her?
  6. Is it possible not to trust people if you’ve made a mistake in choosing your friend?

Обсуждение текста заканчивается переводом на русский язык поговорки:

“He who seeks a faultless friend, remains friendless”-

Кто ищет безупречного друга, остается одиноким”.

5. Сочетание фронтальной работы с индивидуальной при обсуждении проблемных вопросов о дружбе между учащихся данного класса.

1. What is necessary to do to keep a friendship strong?

P7: In order to keep a friendship strong it is important: to live in close vicinity to each other and to be able to meet regularly and keep up communication. If you can see your friend very often and you have a lot of in common, a very deep friendship can develop.

2. Who has a real friend?

Tell us about your friend?

P8: I think I have a real friend, called Ann. We often get together with Ann, because we are neighbours. I can rely on her as she is a true friend. I am sure she will never betray me: She can keep secrets and has a sense of humour. She always gives me a hand if I need it, that is, if have a problem, she is always there for me and makes me feel happy. I try to help her too, because it is important to feel that you are a helpful person. Sometimes I fall out with her, but we make up quickly. To have a friend like Ann is very important for me.

3. What kind of character is your friend? (Учащиеся называют черты характера друзей и дают примеры, подтверждающие эти качества).

Например: 1) My friend is kind. He likes his pets.

2) My friend is industrious. He studies well and always gets excellent marks.

3) My friend is merry. I am never bored with him, because he has a sense of humour.

4) My friend is easy – going. He is easy to get along with.

5) My friend is considerate. He likes to take care of his little sister.

6) My friend is helpful. He helps me with my mathematics or in other subjects.

7) My friend is responsible. He always does his homework. He is never late for school.

6. Самостоятельная работа: заполнить карточку. “My Friend”

I have a friend named ________

________ lives ________

________ s ________

On the whole my friends is ________ and a ________ person.

I have ________ as a friend because ________ .

I think ________ is a true friend because ________ .

We ________ .

________ likes ________ and .________

________ tells me ________ and helps me ________ .

I think that ________  is my ________  friend.

7. Домашнее Задание (поясняется)

8. Итоги урока

T.: So, is it important to have friend?

“Do not protect yourself with a fence but rather with your friend”.

(Czech proverb)

Home work

1. Make up the combinations from the words to translate the sentences.

  1. similar interests
  2. bored with smth/smb
  3. one’s problems through
  4. along with smb, friends
  5. a good laugh together
  6. problems
  7. over the telephone
  8. together with smb
  9. secrets
to make
to have
to talk
to be
to share
to keep
to get

2. Translate the sentences:

  1. У меня есть друзья.
  2. Я обсуждаю все свои проблемы с моими родителями.
  3. У нас много общих интересов.
  4. Я не могу поладить со своим братом, он такой скучный.
  5. Моя сестра не умеет хранить секреты.
  6. Я могу разговаривать со своими друзьями по телефону часами.
  7. Мне никогда не скучно со своими друзьями.
  8. Мы часто собираемся с одноклассниками и весело проводим время.
  9. Я дружу со многими одноклассниками.
  10. Я всегда делюсь своими секретами и проблемами со своими друзьями.

3. I have a friend named ________

________ lives ________

________ s ________

On the whole my friends is ________ and a ________ person.

I have ________ as a friend because ________ .

I think ________ is a true friend because ________ .

We ________ .

________ likes ________ and .________

________ tells me ________ and helps me ________ .

I think that ________  is my ________  friend.