I. Начало урока
Teacher. Good morning, dear friends. I am happy to greet you at our English lesson. I am glad to see you happy and healthy today.
2. Сообщение темы и целей урока.
Teacher. From the very ancient times people wanted to explore other countries. They used primitive transport, they spent much time to get somewhere, and they tried and tried and tried.
To whatever part of the world you went
By wheel or sail, or wing, or track,
You’ll have exciting things to tell
Now that you are safely back.
So, today we are going to make a very enjoyable trip to a wonderful country, situated on a wet cold
island. We’ll speak about its position and history, rivers and mountains, interesting events, and unusual things. We’ll have an exciting excursion about its beautiful capital and see its wonderful places of interest.
3. Введение в иноязычную атмосферу. Языковая разминка в виде коммуникативной ситуации.
Teacher. What country am I thinking of? Ask your questions, please.
- Is this country large (small)?
- Is this country hot in summer?
- Are there any (mountains, lakes, rivers) in this country?
- Are there lots of wild animals in this country?
- Do people drink tea (wine) in this country?
- Do people have the Queen (the President)?
- Is there a good football team in this country?
- Is there any oil in this country?
- Is there a professional army in this country?
4. Декламация стихотворения “What are English people like?”
Teacher. Do you know what English people are like? Listen to the poem.
They dress in what they like
They are interested in sport
They take part in all activities
If they think they ought.
They all succeed in doing
Their work in five short days,
Which leaves them two the longest ones
To spend in different ways.
Then some indulge in gardening,
Or walking in the rain.
And some delight in cricket,
Or in riding in the plain.
In spite of what’s around him
The average Englishman
Does crosswords in the newspaper
In pencil – if he can.
Involved in any accident
The English take a pride
In being unemotional.
They take things in their stride
In any circumstances –
Whatever they may be –
The English solve their problems
With an English cup of tea.
Teacher. Thank you. If only it could be possible to solve all our problems with a cup of tea…
II. Основная часть урока
1. Аудирование текста “Great Britain”.
1) Предъявление текста в звукозаписи. 2) Дополнения учащихся к тексту.
3) Контроль понимания текста (выполнение тестовых заданий).
Teacher. Listen to the speaker very attentively. Try to add some more information about Great Britain (its political system, industry, etc.). Then you’ll be given some tests (in two variants).
The British Isles
The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five hundred smaller ones.
Great Britain, the largest island in Europe, includes England, Scotland and Wales. It is separated from Ireland by the Irish Sea, from the European Continent by the North Sea, the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. Great Britain and Northern Ireland form the United Kingdom.
The greater part of the surface of England and Ireland is flat. The surface of Scotland and Wales is mountainous. The highest mountain in the United Kingdom is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The chief rivers can be used by ships. They have slow currents and broad mouths. So the rivers are suitable for commerce. The coastline has excellent harbours. The sea enters deeply into the land and has a great influence on the climate. The winter is not very cold, and the summer is not unpleasantly hot.
About 60 million people now live in the British Isles. Nearly all of them speak English, but some speak Celtic languages.
Great Britain is one of the most highly industrialized countries in the world. It lives by industry and trade. There are some great sea-ports in Britain, such as London, Newcastle, Liverpool, Glasgow and others.
The capital of Great Britain is London. It is the seat of the Government of the whole country. London is an ancient city, many centuries old. It is also the centre of British cultural life famous for its places of interest.
Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. The Queen is at the head of the state. The country is ruled by the Government in the name of the Queen.
The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Prime Minister is at the head of the Government.
Pupil 1. I want to tell you about the industry of Great Britain. Britain is mainly an industrial country, and most of the people live in large towns.
London, the capital, is one of many important industrial centres. Lots of things, such as clothes, food, planes and cars are made in and around London. Birmingham is the biggest town and an important industrial area near the centre of England. Machines, cars and lorries are made in this area. TV sets and radios are also produced there.
Manchester in the north-west of England is the centre of the cotton textile industry, one of Britain’s most important producers of computers and electronic equipment. Coalmining is important in South Wales, but many of the mines there have been closed.
Sheep can be seen in many parts of England and Scotland, and there are a lot of cattle farms and farms where milk, butter and cheese are produced. But only half of the food the country needs is produced by its agriculture.
Pupil 2. I want to add some words about the natural resources of Great Britain.
The Pennine Range in northern England and the Cambrian Mountains in Wales are much lower. In the extreme south of England there are the famous chalk hills, some of which form the Diver Cliffs. In the southern and south-eastern parts of the island there are lowlands.
The rivers in Great Britain are short and of no great importance as waterways. The longest one is the Severn. Also worth mentioning is the “Father of London”, the Thames, which is a little over 200 miles. London, Liverpool, Manchester, Hull and Glasgow are the main ports of Britain. They have splendid harbours. Owing to the shape of the country, any point in Great Britain is no more than 70 miles from the sea. Naturally, English people are the sea lovers.
Test: Answer the questions about the United Kingdom. Put “+” next to the correct answer.
- The official name of Great Britain is…
- the United Kingdom of Great Britain;
- the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;
- Great Britain.
- The flag of the United Kingdom is known as…
- the Union Jack;
- the Jack Union;
- the flag of crosses.
- In everyday speech “Great Britain” is used to mean…
- England and Wales;
- the United Kingdom.
- The swiftest flowing river in the British Isles is…
- the Thames;
- the Spay;
- The Severn.
- Westminster Abbey was…
- a church;
- a tower;
- a monastery – the West Minster.
2. Выполнение тестового задания.
1) Заполнить пропуски словами из таблицы. 2) Дать ответ на вопрос.
Teacher. Fill in the blanks with the missing words from the box. Read the text and answer the question: “What is the difference between the United Kingdom and Great Britain?”
7) Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom is made up of such countries as England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Its full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and … . Great Britain, on the other hand, comprises only England, Scotland and … . It is the largest island of the British … . Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic form the second largest island.
The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are not parts of the United … . They are largely … with their own … legislative bodies and systems of … . The British … is, however, responsible for their defence and international relations. The term “Britain” is used informally to … the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
3. Работа над грамматикой (степени сравнения прилагательных).
Teacher. Fill in the blanks with the superlative form of the adjectives in brackets. Name nine outstanding features of Great Britain.
- The … (high) mountain in Britain is Ben Nevis (1,343 m).
- Scotland’s … (famous) poet was Robert Burns (1759-1796). He wrote many poems in Scottish dialect.
- The … (wet) place in Britain is the Lake District. It has about 440 cm of rain a year.
- Penzance, in Cornwall, is the … (warm) place in Britain. The average temperature is 11.5 C.
- Britain’s … (large) football stadium is in Glasgow. It is called Hampden Park, and can hold 64.110 people.
- The … (great) English writer, William Shakespeare, was born in Stratford-on-Avon in 1564. His … (famous) play is probably “Ham-let”.
- The River Severn is the … (long) river in Britain (354 km).
- The … (old) university in Britain is Oxford. It was founded in 1167.
4. Заполнение анкеты для поездки заграницу.
Teacher. We are going abroad and of course we must fill in application forms. Please, write down your name, surname, age, nationality and home address. Then take the application forms to the cuss-toms.
Home address …
5. Игра “Определи счастливое число”.
Teacher. I see you know a lot about Great Britain and you are ready to visit it, but how can we get there? Let’s choose the best means of transport. What is it? A plane, a train, a ship?
Pupil. I think plane is O.K.
Teacher. But to know the numbers of your seats in the plane I offer you to play.
Listen to my instructions, follow them step by step and you’ll find out your lucky number.
- How old are you? Write the number in the triangle.
- What’s the date today? Write the number of the day in the circle.
- How many children are there in your class? Write the number in the square.
- How many letters are there in your name? Write the number in the rectangle.
- Add up all the numbers. Write the total in the small circles.
- Add up the numbers in the small circles. Write the total in the star.
6. Аудирование рассказа учащегося об истории флага Великобритании.
Teacher. Every country has its state symbols. They are: the state flag, emblem, anthem. What do you know about the flag of the United Kingdom and its history?
Pupil. The flag of the United Kingdom is called the “Union Jack”. The design of the flag comes from three different flags. Four hand-red years ago, England and Scotland had different kings. But then in 1603, James, the king of Scotland, also became king of England. His new “united kingdom” got a new flag too. The flag of England had a red cross on a white background.
The flag of Scotland had a white diagonal cross on a blue back-ground.
In 1801, Ireland also became part of the United Kingdom. This was the flag of Ireland in 1801: a red diagonal cross on a white back-ground.
So this is the Union Jack we can see today.
7. Ролевая игра.
Our England is a garden
And such gardens are not made
By singing “Oh, how beautiful”
And sitting in the shade.
These are the lines from a poem of the famous English poet and writer R. Kipling “The glory of the garden” (1911).
You see that the English people love their country and they are proud of the beauty and wealth of the United Kingdom, of their history and literature, culture and science. They are also proud of their cities and towns and enjoy the beauty of their capital.
Do you remember the words of some famous people about London?
Pupil 1. “I hope to see London before I die” (W. Shakespeare. Henry IV).
Pupil 2. “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford” (Samuel Johnson).
Teacher. But the best way to know London is to visit it.
Ladies and gentlemen!
Our plane is about to land in London, the capital of the United Kingdom.
Fasten the seat belts, please! No smoking! Our plane will arrive exactly on time, and your guide is waiting for you in the airport. Let’s have an exciting excursion about the town.
8. Самостоятельно подготовленные рассказы учащихся по теме “Из истории Лондона”(использование дополнительной литературы страноведческого характера).
Teacher. What do you know about the history of London?
Pupil 1. London, the capital of Great Britain, is two thousand years old. It is the largest city in Britain and one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is about 9 million people. It is also a huge port.
London is an old city. It was founded in the first century A.D. by the Romans. The Romans went to England many centuries ago. They built a town on the river Thames. The name of the town was Londinium. The Romans built Londinium near the river. The place for the town was very good. Soon the Romans built a bridge over the river Thames.
Londinium got bigger and bigger. The Romans built many roads from Londinium to other parts of Britain. The river Thames has always been a part of London’s history. In Roman times Londinium was a small town with the Thames River in its centre. Now, London is a very large city and the Thames is still at the centre of London.
Pupil 2. Like all large cities, London has a lot of different parts and river joins them together.
The oldest part of London is the City of London. There was already a town here, when the Romans came. The Romans built a
new city with a bridge and a city wall. It became an important port with many industries. Today the city is an international financial centre, full of offices and banks. Over two million people work in the City during the day, but only a few thousand live there.
London hasn’t always been the capital of England. The first capital was Winchester. But London has always been the richest city. The kings of England often needed money. So they moved their capital close to London. But they didn’t want to live in London itself. It was dirty, smelly and dangerous. So they made their capital at Westminster. At first the two cities of London and Westminster were separate and there were fields between them. But slowly they grew together into one city.
Pupil 3. Until the twentieth century most people and goods travelled between the different parts of London along the Thames. It was quicker and safer to travel along the river than along the roads. The kings built their city of Westminster to the west of the City, because the prevailing wind in Britain is from the west. This wind blew all the smells from the port and the factories in London towards the east. As the city grew, the rich people lived in the West End and the poor people lived in the East End. This is changing now, because the docks and a lot of the industries in the East End have closed. Now Dockland is becoming a new financial centre and a fashionable place to live.
9. Контроль понимания прослушанного.
1) Выполнение тестового задания (True or False).
Teacher. 1. The oldest part of London is Westminster.
2. Today the City is an international financial centre.
3. London has always been the capital of England.
4. At first the two cities of London and Westminster were separate.
5. The rich people lived in the East End.
6. Now Dockland is becoming a fashionable place to live.
2) Finish the following sentences.
Teacher. Listening comprehension. From the History of London. Activities.
The oldest part of London is … .
The Romans built … .
Today the City is … .
The first capital of England was … .
The kings of England made their capital at … .
Until the twentieth century most people travelled along … .
The rich lived in the … .
The poor lived in the … .
Now Dockland is a … .
10. Учащийся, играющий роль гида, рассказывает о достопримечательных местах Лондона, используя мультимедийные технологии и большого экрана.
Pupil. Hello, ladies and gentlemen. We welcome you to London.
London is one of the largest cities in the world. About seven million people live here.
London’s most famous sights are Tower Bridge, Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, Trafalgar Square and St. Paul’s Cathedral.
We start from Trafalgar Square, the main square of the central London, where a number of famous buildings and monuments, including the National Gallery and Nelson’s Column are situated. The square is popular with visitors, who come to relax by the fountains there or to feed the pigeons.
Nelson’s column is a high column nearly 185 feet (44 m) with a statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
To the left of us you can see the National Gallery. It has got a fine collection of European paintings.
Now we are coming to Piccadilly Circus. It is the meeting point of six streets. It is famous for its brightly lit neon advertisements at night.
We’ve just passed Piccadilly Circus and now we are making our way to Buckingham Palace.
Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official London residence. It is partially open to the public, and the ceremony of Changing of the Guard in front of it, is a great tourists attraction. Royal Horse Guard’s ceremony takes place daily in the forecourt at 11:30 a. m. and lasts half an hour. One group of palace guards in their traditional bearskins gives the palace keys to another group. There are two addresses in London that the whole world knows. One is 10 Downing Street, where the Prime Minister lives. The other is Buckingham Palace. This famous palace, first built in 1703, is in the very centre of London. It is two palaces, not one. It is a family house, where children play and grow up. It is also the place where presidents, kings and politicians go to meet the Queen. Buckingham Palace is like a small town, with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, a bar, two sports clubs, a disco, a cinema, and a swimming pool. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet. Two men work full-time to look after the 300 clocks. About 700 people work in the Palace.
One of the Queen’s Days. When the Queen gets up in the morning, seven people look after her. One starts her bath, one prepares her clothes, breakfast. She has coffee from Harrods, toast and eggs. Every day for fifteen minutes, a piper plays Scottish music outside her room and the Queen reads The Times.
When the Queen invites a lot of people for dinner, it takes three days to prepare the table and three days to do the washing-up. Everybody has five glasses: one for red wine, one for white, one for water, one for port and one for liqueur. During the first and second courses, the Queen speaks to the person on her left and then she speaks to the person on her right for the rest of the meal. When the Queen finishes her food, everybody finishes, and she feeds the Royal dogs. She has eight or nine dogs, and they sleep in their own bedroom near the Queen’s bedroom.
Look right. We are passing Hyde Park. Hyde Park has got a lake in the middle called the Serpentine, and you can take a boat out on the water. It is a good place to get away from the crowds and the noise of the city. You can listen to the speakers at the Speaker’s Corner near Marble Arch. People from all over the world come and speak here. You can ask a speaker some difficult questions if you like. Or you can stand on a box and speak to some of
the listeners! We have just turned left and you see St. James’ Park. It is one of the royal parks. Here you can see pelicans and ducks.
In front of you, you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben.
The Palace of Westminster, usually known as the Houses of Parliament, dates only from the 19th century, but it stands on the site of the palace founded by Edward the Confessor. The Palace of Westminster was used both as a royal residence and as a parliament house until 1512. There are two towers in the Palace of Westminster: the Victoria Tower and the Clock Tower. The clock came into service in 1859 and was nicknamed Big Ben. Big Ben is the biggest clock bell in Britain. It weighs 13.5 tons. The Clock Tower is 348 feet high. You have to go 374 steps up to reach the top. The clock bell was called Big Ben after Sir Benjamin Hall. Benjamin was a very tall and stout man, whose nickname was Big Ben. One day he said in Parliament, “Shall we call the bell St. Stephen’s?” St. Stephens is the name of the tower. But someone joked, “Why not call it Big Ben?” Now the bell is known all over the world by that name.
In a moment you will see Westminster Abbey. Westminster Abbey is one of the oldest buildings in London and one of the most important religious centres in the country. Nearly all kings and queens of Britain were crowned and buried there. Many great English scientists lie buried there, among them Newton and Darwin. In the Poets’ Corner some of the famous English poets and writers are buried.
Now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames. From here you can see the Tower of London. It was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now.
There are a lot of interesting collections in the Tower of London. The ravens are another famous sight. The legend says that without them the Tower will fall. The Raven Master is the person who gives them food.
And now we are making our way to the famous St. Paul’s Cathedral. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the fifth church built on the same site. The most notable feature of it is the enormous dome. The Whispering Gallery which fascinates all visitors is situated beneath the dome. In the North Tower of the Cathedral there is a peal of twelve bells, while in the South or Clock Tower there is the largest bell in England, the Great Paul. Inside the cathedral one can see many monuments to generals and admirals. Now we are coming to the Charing Cross.
Charing Cross is said to be one of the most ancient places in London. Once there was a small village in that place. The villagers were charring wood, making charcoal of it. That is why the village was named Charing. In 1291 Eleanor, the English Queen, died outside London. Her husband wanted her body to be taken to Westminster Abbey and buried there. At every place where the funeral procession stopped, a wooden memorial was built. The last place was at Charing and since then the place is called Charing Cross. Nowadays Charing Cross Road is famous for its bookshops where one can buy books in different languages and of new and old editions.
Teacher. I think you were greatly impressed by London’s beauty. It was really an exciting experience, wasn’t it?
Pupil. Yes, it was. I loved my tour in England. I had a really great time. Everywhere I went, the people were friendly, although the food was a bit boring. Even the weather was fantastic, which was a big surprise because everyone told me English weather was awful. The only problems were the hotels, which were not very nice and the transport which I found unreliable.
III. Завершение урока
1. Подведение итогов.
Teacher. Dear friends! Thank you very much for your preparation and your activity at the lesson.
I was greatly impressed with your answers. They were brilliant. You showed your excellent knowledge of the topic.
2. Домашнее задание.
Teacher. At home, please, write a letter to your friend in Ukraine about the most interesting places of London.
Use the following:
- If only I had more time
- to visit…
- to see…
- to admire beautiful scenery of…
Complete this letter:
I’m writing from London, the c… of Great Britain. We’re staying in a large hotel on Trafalgar Square. This is the m… square of the c… . London looks like a… park with its b… flowers and g… trees. Yesterday we met some really friendly people who took us to round London t… . We visited the St. Paul’s Cathedral. The b… of this cathedral is really m… . We saw the official r… of the British m… . It is located in a very beautiful p… . We were impressed by great number of p… and s… . They m… London.
So we are having a lovely time.
See you when I get back. Miss you. Love.