Ролевая игра-проект "Посещение художественной галереи: Лондонская национальная галерея"

Разделы: Иностранные языки

Цель урока: Вывести студентов на творческий уровень владения темой (владение лексическим и грамматическим материалом в рамках пройденной темы).

Обучающие и развивающие задачи:

  • Практиковать студентов в обсуждении проблемных вопросов по теме с использованием зрительных опор.
  • Тренировать студентов применять усвоенный лексический и грамматический материал в новых ситуациях общения в монологической и диалогической речи.
  • Развивать навыки аудирования с извлечением необходимой информации.
  • Проконтролировать знания студентов о крупнейшей картинной галерее Лондона.
  • Развивать навыки самостоятельной и коллективной работы.
  • Развивать эмоционально-правильную реакцию в ходе беседы.
  • Развивать внимание, мышление, логику высказывания.
  • Развивать умение систематизировать свои знания.

Воспитательные задачи:

  • Показать студентам интегрированные связи английского языка с другими учебными предметами, такими как история, МХК.
  • Прививать студентам любовь и понимание необходимости в изучении культуры страны изучаемого языка.
  • Развивать уважение к истории других народов.
  • Развивать у студентов интерес к изучению английского языка, показав его важность как языка международного общения.

Оборудование урока:

  • Репродукции картин художников, представленные в Национальной Галерее.
  • Диск с коллекцией произведений мировой живописи.
  • Мультимедийный проектор, магнитофон, компьютер

Ход урока

Организационный момент.

Teacher: Today we are going to discuss painting, as this kind of art makes the strongest impression on people, their feelings and thoughts. Painting is one of the oldest and most important arts. Since prehistoric times, artists have arranged paints on surfaces in way that express their idea about people and the world. The paintings that artists create have great value for humanity. They provide people with both enjoyment and informat ion.

Today we are going to role-play. Imagine that you are a group of tourists who decided to visit The National Gallery in London.

Let me introduce you our participants of the excursion.

This is a manager of the Gallery.

This is a guide of the impressionists' room.

And this is a guide of a sculpture room.

So, welcome to the National Gallery.

Основная часть

(Звучит запись на английском языке)

Manager of the Gallery: I'm glad to see you in our Gallery. First of all, could you fill in a form please as we want to know the age, the sex and the names of our guests?

(Студенты заполняют бланки)

(Приложение 1)

Manager of the Gallery: Thank you. Now I want to tell you about the history of the National Gallery.

It was based on a private collection of the Russian emigre banker John Julius Anderstein. At that time, the collection had only 38 paintings and it was put on public display at Anderstein's old residence.

Now it is situated on the north side of Trafalgar Square. A wide horizontal front in classical style, which was built by William Witckins.

The National Portrait Gallery has portraits of distinguished men and women of English history. The National Gallery exhibited works of all European schools of painting which existed between the 13th and 19th centuries.

The collection includes Italian masterpieces of Pierro della Francesca, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Titian, Paolo Veronese.

You can see paintings of Velasquez, El Greco and Goya from Spain.

There are also masterpieces of Dutch artists, such as Rubens and Rembrandt. You can find paintings of famous Impressionists. Turner, Gainsborough, Hogarth and Constable also represent British art with important work.

I hope that you will be pleased with the Gallery. Thanks.

This is our guide of impressionists' room.

Impressionists' room guide: Good morning. I'm glad to introduce you impressionists' room. Do you know what does impressionism mean?

Student: The term, first used derisively, was derived from the title of a painting exhibited in 1874 by Monet. He exhibited the work independently of the official Salon in Paris, along with artists such as Renoir, Cezanne and Pissarro. 'Impressionism' subsequently became widely used to describe the type of painting practiced by this group of artists, who exhibited together eight times up until 1886. They usually worked rapidly, in front of their subjects, often in the open air rather than in a studio, and took full advantage of the technical advances being made in the manufacture of artists' materials. Their characteristic broken or flickering brush work was particularly effective in capturing the fleeting quality of light. They tended to be attracted to similar subjects, namely aspects of modern urban life and landscapes.

Impressionists' room guide: You are quite right. Thank you. Look at the screen.

Monet is probably the most famous of the group, particularly for his paintings of his garden at Giverny with its pond full of water-lilies and Japanese-style bridge.

Monet was fascinated by the changing effects of light on landscape, and particularly on water.

He often painted the same scene several times, seeing how it changed at different seasons and hours of the day.

His water-lily paintings are almost abstract masses of color.

Their tranquility is extraordinary considering that he painted them during the First World War, and could frequently hear the sound of gunfire from his garden.

Edgar Degas came from a wealthy, respectable background. His private income meant that he did not have to depend on painting sales for money and he was free to commit himself to the Impressionist cause without the discomfort of poverty by some of his fellow artists.

Degas was particularly interested in scenes that appeared unposed, and natural - even to the point of awkwardness.

His paintings of dancers in rehearsal, and women at various stages of washing and dressing are composed as if they were snapshots.

His models appear entirely absorbed in their activities as if we were catching a glimpse of a private moment.

In the early days of the Impressionist movement, Renoir was at its center, experimenting with color and the techniques of painting quickly.

A return to studying the paintings of the Renaissance masters, however, provoked a break away from the movement. Renoir returned to a more classical, linear style, with nudes as a recurrent subject.

Mane was not officially part of the Impressionist movement, but he had a huge influence on the group.

It is clear why his paintings were so important to the Impressionists. They show modern scene, full of recognizable celebrities, including Mane himself.

Instead of each figure being painted in perfect detail, the crowd fades into a blur in places so that it takes the eye a little while to resolve what is what.

Paul Cezanne was one of the artists who exhibited at the first of the Impressionist exhibitions, but then broke away from the movement. Unlike the Impressionists, he was not content with merely finding ways of capturing the appearance of a moment in time.

He spent much of his career working in isolation in the South of France struggling to find a new method of painting based on the modulation of colour, rather than the modeling of forms.

He was uncompromising in his work, and continued developing his technique despite his lack of commercial success.

Manager of the Gallery: Now I want some of you to make notes of your impressions in the visitor's book. You may use such phrases:

(Некоторые студенты заполняют книгу)

A guide of sculpture room: Now you are in sculpture room.

From the 13th onwards, Italian painters routinely used sculptures as sources for their paintings. They were perfectly still and so easier to work from than a real person draped in real clothing. The artist could observe for himself the way that light fell on the figures - much less easy if he was working from another painting.

The sculptor Donatello was probably the most influential artist of 15th-century Italy.

This coloured relief produced by Donatello shows how closely sculpture might resemble paintings, often adopting a similar style of the same period.

This relief by Antonio Lombardo shows the Greek archer who accidentally wounded himself with one of Hercules's poisoned arrows. The stench of the wound was so bad that he was abandoned on an island by Odysseus on the way to tray.

Antonio Pisanello was both a painter and medalist, and these medals show him adapting subjects and compositions originally invented for paintings.

The medal commemorates the visit of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII for Ferrara in Italy in 1438.

Thank you for your attention.

Manager of the Gallery: Now I want some of you to make notes of your impressions in the visitor's book. You may use such phrases:

(Студенты, не заполняющие книгу, делятся своими впечатлениями)

Manager of the Gallery: Do you have any questions to our guides?

(Студенты задают вопросы)

Подведение итогов урока. Выставление оценок.

(Приложение 2)