“THE WORLD IS A FINE PLACE AND WORTH FIGHTING FOR”
познавательный аспект – знакомство учащихся с некоторыми проблемами окружающей среды и способами их решения;
развивающий аспект – развитие способности к переключению внимания в упражнениях в разных видах речевой деятельности, к увеличению объема зрительного и слухового восприятия, к осуществлению продуктивных действий;
воспитательный аспект – формирование критического отношения к действительности, умения анализировать и давать оценку окружающей действительности, повышение экологической культуры;
учебный аспект - формирование лексических и грамматических навыков говорения, развитие умения читать/аудировать с извлечением конкретной информации.
Речевой материал: лексика и грамматика предыдущих уроков.
1. (Picture 2) T.: Beauty attracts everybody. Tourists and holiday-makers come from thousands of miles to spend their holidays in the mountains or near the lake, and enjoy the beautiful scenery and the peace and quiet of the countryside. You can’t help admiring the bright blue of the sky, fresh air, wild flowers, peace and quiet picturesque views…
But the 21st century is a century of high technologies. And the scientific and technological progress is in every sphere of people’s life. The price for such rapid industrial and high technological development is very high. It is ecological problems.
2. T.: What words come into your mind when you think about ecological problems?
Cl.: (to pollute, pollution, environment, environmental, to breath, breath, pure, purity, resource, resourceful, ecology, ecological, to release, harmful substances, to exhaust fume, to pour, etc.)
(Picture 3) T.: Look at the word web and read.
3. (Picture 4) T.: Match the words in list A with the words in list B to make phrases about environmental problems.
f . rain
4. T.: Where does pollution come from? (Look at the pictures and comment on them, using the following words)
(Picture 5) Ps: It comes from plants and factories: they cause air pollution, they release harmful substances into the air, everything is covered with soot and dirt, there is smog over the city, it is dangerous for human health because it is hard to breath such poisonous air, etc.
(Picture 6) Ps: It comes from cars, lorries and busses especially in rush hours. There are frequent traffic jams, they exhaust fumes, there is noise and air pollution, it affects harmfully, etc.
(Picture 7) Ps: It comes from factories and plants: they pour their waste into rivers that flow into seas and oceans, the fish is polluted or dead, etc.
5. (Picture 8) T.: Listen to the text “The Baltic, a Sea of Waste” and answer the following questions:
- Where did the first alarm come from?
- How many people died and why?
- How many rivers run into the Baltic?
- How many industrial countries surround the Baltic?
- What affects the state of the sea water and the shore line flora and fauna?
- What is the aim of the agreement among the states?
(Звучит аудиозапись текста)
“The Baltic, a Sea of Waste”
Pollution is a serious problem. It affects everyone every day. Where does pollution come from? Is it only factories, big ships and cars that pollute? No. It is you and me as well. If you drop litter, you pollute. That’s how it begins. What happens when millions of people do the same thing?
Most big cities pour their waste into seas and rivers. For a long time people didn’t realize the danger. The first alarm came from Japan. Some sixty people died because they had eaten polluted fish. And since 1967 it has not been possible to eat the fish from many Swedish lakes.
The Baltic is a special case. Because such a small sea it becomes dirty very easily. Its water changes slowly through the shallow straits. As many 250 rivers run into the Baltic. There are hundreds of factories on these rivers and millions of people live along them. Seven industrial countries surround the Baltic. Quite a lot of big cities lie on its coast. All of this combined with active navigation of the sea naturally affects the state of the sea water and the shore line flora and fauna.
Once we have polluted a sea it is very difficult to clean it. Fortunately all the countries in the Baltic area have realized the problem. They co-operate actively in solving ecological problems of the Baltic basin. The aim of the agreement among these states is to prevent oil pollution of the sea, to organize rational fishing and the preservation of sea life.
6. T.: Unhappily the story of man includes the careless killing of wildlife and the careless exploitation of natural resources, the pollution of rivers and streams and the destruction of forests lands. The relationship between man and nature has become one of the most vital problems facing civilization today. Look at the pictures and name some ecological problems.
(Picture 9) P1: water, air and land pollution,
(Picture 10) P2: killing forest & animals,
(Picture 11) P3: rubbish problems,
(Picture 12) P4: nuclear power,
(Picture 13) P5: the green house effect
7. T.: Read the text and decide which answer A, B, C, D best fits each space.
The doomed planet
One only has to (1)____at the newspapers to realize that environmental (2) ____ are not going to go away. (3) ____ warming is getting worse and the air we (4) ____ and the water we drink are getting dirtier.
However, problems (5) ____ as the hole in the ozone layer and (6) ____ rain often seen unimportant to us. It (7) ____ be difficult to get upset about tropical (8) ____ on the other side of the planet.
8. (Picture 14) T.: Match the verbs in list A with the words in list B to make phrases which give solutions to environmental problems.
a. the car at home
9. (Picture 15) T.: Here are some of the ways to solve ecological problems. Match the beginning of the sentence in the list A with the end in the list B.
|1. The factories and plants must be
2. Green zones must be
3. The greenery must be
4. Pollution control system must be
5. Purifying systems for cleaning and trapping harmful substances must be
6. Noise must be
c. widely used.
d. protected and increased.
e. removed from cities.
10. (Picture 16) T.: Complete the Advice leaflet using the words below.
Water genetic recycling destroying environment forests global polluting food pollute.
The countdown has started for the earth!
It is raining less and less but we are using more and more (1) _______.
More and more (2) ______ are destroyed every year, but we are cutting down more and more trees.
The (3) ______ we eat is genetically modified but the governments do little to control (4) ____ engineering.
They should stop (5) ______ the rivers. They should stop (6) ______ forests. They should stop genetic engineering in plants and animals.
They should punish those who (7) ______ our rivers. They should take action to reduce (8) ____
warming. They should educate the public about the dangers to the (9) ______ . They should start major (10) ______ programmes.
If governments take action now, there might be some hope for the future. If they do nothing, we are heading for disaster!
11. Т.:Choose the most suitable heading from the list for each part of the leaflet. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use.
A What countries should start doing
B What countries should stop doing
C Why are we heading the disaster?
D Dangers in the home
12. Т.: You are going to write a leaflet to advise people on what they can do to
help the environment. Write at home your leaflet using the headings below and expressions
from the lesson. Write between 120 and 180 words. What you can do to protect the
environment. Take action now! “Think globally, act locally!”
- Хрусталева Л.И., Богородицкая В.Н. Английский язык IX класс. – Санкт-Петербург, 1994.
- Luke Prodromou. Rising star. An Intermediate Course. Student’s Book. - MacMillan, 2007.
- Luke Prodromou. Rising star. An Intermediate Course. Practice Book. - MacMillan, 2007.
- Журнал “Speak Out”. Hot Issues.// Глосса-пресс.
- Журнал “Speak Out”. // Глосса-пресс. 5/2002.