I) Вводная часть урока. Приветствие и погружение в иноязычную речь.
Teacher: "Good morning boys and girls."
Pupils: "Good morning, teacher"
Teacher: "Nice to meet you".
Pupils: Nice to meet you too.
Teacher: Sit down, please. And now, children, we are going to start our English lesson. But it's cold and frosty outside. And you know, that even winter can be kind. Do you know any poems about the seasons?
Дети декламируют стихи и среди них стихотворение Alice May Douglas "Who loves the trees best?":
Who loves the trees best?
"I," said the Spring,
"Green leaves so beautiful
To them I bring."
Who loves the trees best?
"I," Summer said;
"I give them blossoms,
White, yellow, red."
Who loves the trees best?
"I," Autumn said.
"I give them ripe fruit,
Golden and red."
Who loves the trees best?
"I love them best,"
Harsh Winter answered;
"I give them rest."
Teacher: Thanks a lot. Now we are in a good mood, it's time to start. But first of all, look at the screen. We have some sentences. Complete these sentences with the correct forms of the words. (Учащимся отводится на это задание 5 минут).
II) Выполнение небольшого теста с использованием новых лексических единиц (их необходимо было выучить дома).
The _______ in the city is terrible. (pollute)
The shop sells equipment for outdoor ____________. (active)
The countryside is _____________. (beauty)
Big Bill is a __________ man. (danger)
There is a lot of interesting ___________ in this newspaper. (inform)
He gave the police a ___________ of the robber. (describe)
She is an ___________ singer. (amaze)
Jane is a good ___________. (swim)
She will marry a ___________ person. (success)
The weather was so bad that it was __________ to continue our journey. (possible)
The menu was in Chinese and nobody could give us a _________. (translate)
Teacher: Ready? Let's check them up. (Ключевые слова выводятся на экран и учащиеся проверяют свои ответы). Fine. I see that you are ready for today's lesson.
III) Объявление темы, плана урока.
Teacher: Do you know what's the topic of our lesson?
Pupils: Yes. "A strange and exclusive word is "city".
Teacher: OK. But in order to understand the real topic of our discussion listen to this dialogue. (Учащиеся слушают диалог двух попутчиков в поезде под стук колес):
- I'm going to have a rest. The Black Sea is just for me.
- So am I. I've got a new job. I'm so happy I'm going to live in Moscow.
- Are you? Oh, I lived in Moscow 5 years ago.
- Did you like it?
- Not very much.
- Why not?
- Well, there were too many people; and there was too much noise.
- Oh, I love crowds and noise!
- Well, I don't... I don't like pollution.
- What do you mean?
- Oh, there isn't enough fresh air in Moscow.
- But there're a lot of parks.
- Yes, I know... and some people sleep in them.
- Because they aren't enough flats and houses.
- I still prefer big cities.
- But why?
- I was born in a small country village. It was too quite. There wasn't much to do. That's why young people go to Moscow.
- But Moscow is too expensive for young people.
- But they still go... they want excitement.
- Hm... I don't want excitement. I just want a quiet life, that's all.
Teacher: Now children, comment on the situation. What is the real idea of our discussion?
Pupils: "A city or a village? What to choose?"
На экране появляется название урока и высказывания известных людей о городе. Вот некоторые из них:
City people make most of the fuss about the charms of country life.
All cities are mad: but the madness is gallant.
All cities are beautiful: but the beauty is grim.
Knowledge and power in the city; peace and decency in the country.
Clearly, then, the city is not a concrete jungle, it is a human zoo.
If you would be known, and not know, vegetate in a village;
if you would know, and not be known, live in a city.
Charles Caleb Colton
Teacher: There are 7 billion people in the world and they live in the South, in the North, in the East and in the West. Some of them have even left the Earth and visited the moon. So, where to live? Now let's see are there any places you know and enjoy? Is it the city where you live or is it a village which you would like to visit?
IV) Погружение в тему урока.
Teacher: Let us divide our group into two parts: "city-dwellers" and "countrymen".
Teacher: Let's see what are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city or in a village.
(Учащиеся делятся на 2 группы - на тех, кто хочет жить в городе и на тех, кто хочет жить в деревне).
P1: Moscow is beautiful. It has a lot of beautiful churches, palaces and historic buildings. Some places are unforgettable. Such as The Kremlin, Red Square, Kuskovo, Tsaritsino, Kolomenskoe etc.
P2: A big city has a lot of shopping centres. I like the shops that we have in the city. I would be really boring to live somewhere you couldn't go shopping easily.
P3: Some people say that there are too many tourists in Moscow and not enough hotels for them. I think we need tourism, because tourists bring money.
P4: I love living here. On the one hand I can enjoy the buzz of my city with its great mix of people. On the other hand I like beautiful countryside and have Europe on my doorstep.
P5: The city is big. I can go where I like. There are a lot of places to go if you want to have a fun. We have a lot of cinemas, theatres, clubs and restaurants for those who want to relax.
P6: If I am not mistaken, we are speaking about advantages of living in a big city. We can't forget about the fastest way to commute using the underground. It opens at 6:00 am and closes at 1:00 am. Today there are 177 stations all over the city. Don't miss the chance to visit some of the oldest metro stations. Many of them are like underground palaces. See the famous sculptures at Ploshchad Revolutsii and admire the light of Mayakovsky station.
P7: Life in a city is good because it's a free place with lots of opportunities for young people. There are a lot of schools in the city and you can make a choice.
P1: Moscow is beautiful but like many other big cities it also has problems. There are too many people in the cities. People go to the cities to find work. There are enough jobs for them but there aren't enough places for them to live. There are a lot of homeless people in the city. When it's a cold night, I think about everyone in the streets.
P2: There is too much pollution in the city. People don't want to put their rubbish into a rubbish bin. The Moskva river is polluted. There are a lot of factories, plants and petrol stations next to the banks.
P3: In my opinion the most important thing for us is fresh air, but in a big city we have nothing of the kind. There are too many cars in the streets and the traffic jams. Remember Moscow on Fridays. Awful thoughts might go through your mind at the sight of the traffic jam. A lot of changes were brought by modern city civilization.
P4: We have the biggest motorway around the capital. Today people call it the biggest car park in Europe. Every morning on the radio we hear about jams and about parts of the road which we can avoid. One day soon we will hear "There is a traffic jam in all directions. If you are driving to work, we advise you to go back home".
P5: I am often late for classes because my bus is often late. I know how bad our public transport system in Russia is. We can't even use bikes, they really help to reduce pollution.
P1: There are problems in the countryside, too. Most people live in small villages and work as farmers. They have a hard life. Sometimes there isn't enough rain and there are droughts. There isn't enough water for the crops. Sometimes there are floods and fire.
P2: Some places don't have enough hospitals and schools.
P3: Some young people don't know what to do, there are no jobs for them, so they spoil their health drinking alcohol.
P4: There are no any clubs, pubs or entertainment centers for spending their leisure time.
P1: I was born in a small village. My parents moved to Moscow seven years ago. I miss the people who are so warm and friendly and I miss the wild, beautiful countryside near the town where there are so many hills and streams. You know guys one of my favourite songs is "Moscow Suburb Nights". (Девочка исполняет на английском языке один куплет песни "Подмосковные вечера". Затем учащиеся слушают куплет песни "Подмосковные Вечера" на русском языке в исполнении В.Трошина).
P2: My favorite town is Kolchugino. It's in Vladimir Oblast. First of all, it's a pretty place. Usually I go there in spring and summer. In spring it's green with beautiful red poppies. Some streets are narrow and there aren't many cars on them. There are some beautiful old houses. But despite the disadvantages there are lots of things to do in my town. You can take rides in boats and there is an open air cinema. You can fish, swim and sit in the sun.
P3: In a village a lot of people spend time gardening. Home-grown vegetables taste better than those in shops.
P4: The people in the village are very hospitable. It's great to live in a village. We can be outdoors all day.
P2: It's all so clean and natural here. There is plenty of work there - from growing vegetables, fishing to raising cattle. The local people offer a friendly welcome and specialities of the area to visitors in summer. The town has kept its character and charm.
P5: My grandparents live in a big city now but the used to live in the country. They kept chickens and cows and grew vegetables but now they buy vegetables from a greengrocer. My granny used to make bread, cottage cheese but now she buys everything at market. But she isn't happy about this. She says people have become lazier and she doesn't like frozen food. And my granddad says fresh food used to taste a lot better when he was a boy.
P6: I don't want to live anywhere else but in Russia. I was born here and I'm not going to leave it. But I like some European countries very much. If I happen to live in Spain, I'll live in a small provincial town far from big cities. My house will be in the mountains where nature is wild and magic.
P7: When a person is looking for peace and a lovely environment, a quiet village surrounded by fields and woods is for him.
Teacher: Now children I see that it's difficult to solve this problem. It's difficult to choose the place where you want to live. Thank you very much for your hot discussion. It was great. Now it's time to write down your homework. (Учитель раздает учащимся текст рассказа о молодом человеке, который приехал в город из провинции, пытался устроиться на работу, устал от городской суеты и вернулся снова в деревню).
Teacher: Try to read this text and answer the questions on the text.
Teacher: Thanks a lot. Good bye. See you tomorrow.