“When a man is tired of London
he is tired of life”
- Практиковать учащихся в диалогической и монологической речи по теме.
- Тренировать в аудировании.
- Знакомство с достопримечательностями Лондона.
Учебные пособия: план Лондона на доске, ноутбук, проектор, экран на который на протяжении всей экскурсии по мере необходимости будут проецироваться виды тех объектов, о которых в данный момент будет идти речь, CD-ROM с видами Лондона, DVD с фильмом о Лондоне.
Мероприятие начинается со вступительного слова ведущего (впоследствии Chief)
Hello, my dear friends. It is very easy for us to imagine that we are in London now. We have read and spoken much about this city, we know its places of interest and its history. And now we have a chance to make an excursion around London. But first of all let's listen histoty of London. (Рисунок №1)
Pupil 1: London is a very old city, it is about two thousand years old. The Romans came to London in AD 43. London is where the invading Romans first crossed the River Thames. They built a city a square mile in size, surrounded it with a wall and called it Londinium. This original size of London is now called the City of London and is main financial centre. In 1066 William the Conqueror came to England. He came from Normandy in France. He became King of England and afraid of the people of London. He built a big Building for himself — White Tower. Now it is the part of the Tower of London. The City is only a very small part of London. In the XI century, London began to expand beyond the City walls when King Edward the Confessor built a huge abbey at Westminster. (Рисунок №2)
Chief: Thank you. It is really very interesting. Look! All buses in London are red. They are also double-deckers.If you want to discover London, it is best to start with a tour on a sightseeing bus.Some of you will help me. Today our pupils will be drivers. Now let's go on. (Рисунок №3)
Pupil 2: You cannot be board in London. There are hundreds of historic buildings, galleries and museums. There are more than eighty parks, over 80 theatres and even more cinemas. The best known parks, near the centre of London are Hyde Park, Regent's Park and St James's Park. There are a lot of cafe, pubs, restaurants and nightclubs in London.
Pupil 3: One of the best selling tour of London begins with a unique look around the Royal Albert Hall.As you approach to the center of London, you see the busy streets and many buildings of different styles and ages. Everywhere, there are bright red buses and black taxis, busy restaurants and, in contrast, quiet open spaces and parks.Soon you arrive at the center to see the best known sights:
Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square. Piccadilly Circus is the heart of London's entertainment world.
In the middle of Piccadilly Circus there is statue said to be of Eros, the god of love. Only few people know that it really represents the Angel of Christian Charity.Piccadilly Circus at night is a colorful sight. The atmosphere of Piccadilly is very cosmopolitan. You can hear a great variety of languages.
They say if you listen carefully, you may even hear English. (Рисунок №4)
Chief: Look, my dear friends! What can we see over there? That's right. It's Trafalgar Square.
Pupil 4: Trafalgar Square was built early in the last century to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar.
Admiral Lord Nelson's statue stands on top of a column in the middle of Trafalgar Square. It is known for the large numbers of pigeons which come there and are fed by tourists. At Christmas time there is a Christmas tree which is sent to Britain from Norvay every year. Behind Nelson's Column is the National Gallery, an art gallery in which can find many old masters. (Рисунок №5)
Chief: My dear friends, pay your attention! What a majestic building.
Pupil 5: Oh, I know! It is the Houses of Parliament. Close by Westminster Abbey on the riversides the magnificent Palace of Westminster, generally known as the Houses of Parliament. The clock in the clock tower is called Big Ben. The sound of Big Ben is well-known all over rhe world because it is broadcast by the BBC.The tower of Big Ben is used as a symbol of London and Britain. Aithough these buildings are in gothic style, they are not truly historic for they were built in 1840 on the site of the old Palace which was destroyed by fire in 1834.To the right oh Big Ben is Whitehall. Downing
Street is off Whitehall. The Prime Minister lives number ten Downing Street.(Рисунок № 6).
Pupil 6: Now we can see Westminster Abbey — one of the leading landmarks of London. As a Royal Church, it has been the scene of coronations and funerals of England's kings, queens, famous leaders, poets and heroes. You will see the Cotonation chair, the Royal Tombs and Poet's Corner. (Рисунок № 7).
Chief: Who knows something about this Palace?
Pupil 7: Oh, I know about this Palace. It is Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Queen.
You can walk from Westminster Abbey to the Palace. The walk goes through St James's Park. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet. Two men work full-time to look after the 300 clocks. About 700 people work in the Palace. The Queen's Gallery is in the Buckingham Palace. Tourists can visit the gallery and see the Queen's collection of paintings. Changing of the Guard -at Buckingham
Palace regularly held outside Buckingham Palace, the Queen's residence, in which one troop of guards replace another. They wear red uniforms and black hats ( bearskins ). The Changing of Guards is a popular tourists attaction. (Рисунок № 8).
Chief: Look at this Cathedral. Who knows what is it?
Pupil 8: I think, I know. It is ancient St Paul's Cathedral. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1710 and is not only the final resting place of famous soldiers, statesmen, painters and poets, but also the sctne of many famous weddings. (Рисунок № 9).
Chief: Now we are going to visit one of the most famous place of interest. It is Tower of London.
Tower of London-has for over 900 years guarded London from the Thames and has served as a fortress, a royal palace, a prison, a museum and a place of execution.
Pupil 9: The atmosphere in this incredible, historic monument is filled with tragic memories of the past. It is now the museum and a place where the Crown Jewels are kept. We can also see the traditional Beefeaters.The Beefeaters used to guard the Tower and its prisoners. Today they work mostly as guides. No one knows more about the history and secrets of the Tower than these famous men.
Chief: And I'd like to tell you about the Ceremony of the Keys. In present days, just as many centuries ago, the Ceremony of the Keys takes place at its gates. Every night when the guard is changed at each gate there is the cry:
- ''Halt! Who goes there?''Then the guard replies:''The Keys.''– '' Whose Keys?''
- ''Queen Elizabeth's Keys!''
- ''Pass. Queen Elizabeth's Keys! All's well.''
And so the Tower of London is safely closed for night.
And I want to add some sentences. We know one more legend about the Tower. You may see the Tower's ravens here. A legend says the Tower will crumble if they should ever leave. Since their wings are clipped , that's unlikely.(Рисунок № 10).
Pupil 10: Some visitors say that London is an expensive city, but there are a few things to do which do not cost a lot of money. But most museums are free and give free guided tour as well as lectures.
Victoria and Albert Museum is an outstanding museum, displaying applied arts of all disciplines, all periods, all nationalities, and all tastes. This is always referred to as V& A. Prince Albert, was responsible for the foundation of this permanent vertion of the 1851 Great Exhibition.(Рисунок №11).
Chief: The National Gallery is on the north side of Trafalgar Square and contains Britain's best known collection of 2200 pictures. The collection was begun in 1824, with the purchase of thirty eight pictures. The gallery is rich in paintings by Italian masters, it contains pictures representatives of-all European schools of art, and of course, the best English tradition, including Turner, Hogarth, and Constable. Admission to the gallery is free, as is the case with other British national museums and galleries. (Рисунок № 12).
Pupil 11: Now I want to pay your attention. You can see the British Museum . It is a world famous museum. There are 4 kilometers of spase inside, split into nearly 100 galleries of treasures from every- where in the world, some as old as humankind itself.This unique collection, in brief, represents the progress of civilization. You'll find here such rarities as the Rosetta Stone, carved in 196 BC,. The Masoleum of Halicarnassus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the famous Magna Carta, the Egyptian Mummies and a lot more unique exibits.Each room has been given a particular historical theme.The gallery was founded in 1856 to collect the portraits of famous British men and women. (Рисунок № 13)
Сhief: Madam Tussaud's is one of the London's busiest sights.Numerous visitors to the museum can see life-size wax figures of famous people: politicians, actors, athletes and Royalty.They can also see criminals and murderers in the Chamber of Horrors.The admission fee to this museum is the highest in London.(Рисунок № 14).
Pupil 12: Now we are walk along Oxford Street.May I tell you about this main shopping center?
Chief: Yes, of course. You may.Go on.
Pupil 12: Walk along Oxford Street you will pass hundreds of shops. Here You can buy clothes, shoes and food in the larger stores: Selfridges, John Lewis, Debenhams, Marks and Spencer. And you can shop in the small boutiques. People come from all over the world to shop in London. They go to Oxford Street and Covent Garden. The best-known London store is not in Oxford Street. It is Harrods in Knightsbridge. You can buy anything in Harrods-from a pin to an elephant! It started as a small grocery shop in 1849.The present store has more than 300 departments and a staff of over 4000 people.(Рисунок № 15).
Chief: Thank you, my dear friends! It's really very interesting. Our bus-tour was wonderful and unforgettable. But now it is over. Bye-bye. See you later.
The film about this magnificent city. (Просмотр кинофильма о Лондоне).