- To enlarge students’ knowledge on the topic “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.”
- To practice students’ speech habit skills.
- To check and consolidate speaking skills and vocabulary studied in the unit.
The Lesson Procedure
Teacher: Good morning, dear children!
Today we are going to travel to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
We will listen to information about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and do some tasks, meet a guest, visit famous British places and then do a final test.
Without your tongue
You can not talk,
Without your feet
You can not walk,
Without your eyes
You can not see,
Without your heart
You can not be!
Introduction to Britain
Contemporary Britain is a mixture of the traditional and the new. It still has a royal family. People still eat fish and chips, and there are still pretty villages with own fashion pubs. At the same time it’s a growing multiethnic and multicultural society developing in many fields: the arts, architecture, science, education, finance and politics. Britain is a place that’s changing all the time.
Geography and Weather
The landscape of Britain is incredibly varied. There are beautiful beaches in the south of England. The south and east are mainly flat. As we travel north the scenery becomes more dramatic. Wales offers perfect locations for castles. There are spectacular rivers, hills and valleys in the Lake District. And further north Scotland has magnificent mountains, coastlines and islands. Of course the weather isn’t always perfect. Britain often has grey skies and rain. It has a mild climate. However extreme weather does happen sometimes.
Answer the questions
- What is contemporary Britain?
- What kind of landscape is there in Britain?
- Where can we find magnificent mountains, coastlines and islands?
- What is the Lake District famous for?
- What kind of weather do British have?
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. People usually refer to it as the UK or simply Britain. With the population of 59 million Britain has the third largest population in Europe. Belfast is the capital city of Northern Ireland. It grew up in the 19th century during Britain’s industrial revolution. It’s a city of grand buildings and interesting monuments. Cardiff is the capital city of Wales. It’s a modern city that takes pride in its historic traditions. The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh, is on the same latitude as Moscow. It’s a beautiful city which is rich in history. London, the capital city of Britain, has a population of nearly 7 and a quarter million which makes it the largest city in Europe.
Fill the table
|1.This city is the capital of Northern Ireland.|
|2.This city is on the same latitude as Moscow.|
|3. It’s a beautiful city which is rich in history.|
|4. This city has a population of nearly 7 and a quarter million which makes it the largest city in Europe.|
|5. It grew up in the 19th century during Britain’s industrial revolution.|
|6. It’s a city of grand buildings and interesting monuments.|
|7. It’s a modern city that takes pride in its historic traditions.|
Politics and Languages
London is also the centre of government. There are 2 houses of Parliament: the House of Commons with elected MPs or Members of Parliament, and the House of Lords which is non-elected. There are 3 main political parties: Labor, the Conservatives, and the Liberal democrats. The head of the State, Queen Elizabeth the ll has a largely ceremonial role. In 1999 the Labor Government moved some political power away from London. There is now Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh and National Assemblies for Northern Ireland in Belfast and for Wales in Cardiff.
English of course is the main language in the UK. But there are other native languages. About 20 per cent of the population of Wales speak Welsh. Gaelic is spoken in Northern Ireland and Scotland.
Finish these sentences
- There are 2 houses of Parliament: …
- There are 3 main political parties: …
- The head of the State …
- In 1999 the Labor Government …
- The main language in the UK …
- Gaelic is …
Make sentences using the following words:
Teacher: Now meet our guest, please. Do you know who is he? You are right. He is John Bull.
John Bull: Hello, ladies and gentlemen. We welcome you to Great Britain. London is one of the largest cities in the world. London’s most famous sights are Tower Bridge, Big Ben, and the House of Parliament, Trafalgar Square and St. Paul’s Cathedral.
We start from Westminster Abbey.
Student 1: Westminster Abbey is a national shrine where the kings and queens are crowned and famous people are buried. Founded by Edward the Confessor, the Abbey was a monastery for a long time. The West towers were added in the 18th century. Almost every English monarch has been crowned in the this great church. One of the greatest treasures of the Abbey is the oaken Coronation Chair.
The Abbey is also known for its Poets’ Corner. Graves and memorials to many English poets and writes are clustered round about.
John Bull: We are making our way to the House of Parliament.
Student 2: From the center of Westminster Bridge one can have a splendid view of the Houses of Parliament which spread magnificently on the north bank of the Thames. The Clock Tower which contains the hour – bell called Big Ben. The bell is named after Sir Benjamin Hall.
The House of Parliament called officially the Palace of Westminster, were formerly a place for kings and queens. The palace was used both as a royal residence and also as a parliament house until the 16th century. The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
John Bull: Now we are coming to Trafalgar Square.
Student 3: Trafalgar Square is the natural center of London. The square so named to commemorate Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. The square has now become a huge traffic island. When the square is not used for demonstrations, it is full of visitors feeding the pigeons or watching the traffic. On the north side of the square are the Notional Gallery and the Notional Portrait Gallery. The Notional Gallery has varied collection of paintings from British, Italian, Spanish, French, Dutch and other famous schools.
John Bull: We are passing the Tower of London.
Student 4: The river Thames is the main approach to London from the east. 1000 years ago William the Conqueror decided to build a strong fortress to protect the City of London, which he had just conquered. The Tower has been used as a royal palace an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison, and many famous and infamous people have been executed within its walls.
John Bull: Now we are at St. Paul’s Cathedral.
Student 5: St. Paul’s Cathedral has always dominated the center of London. It stands of the site of former Saxon and Norman churches. The later were destroyed in the Great Fire and the present building completed in1710. Londoners have a particular affection for St. Paul’s which is the largest Protestant Church in England. Its high dome containing the remarkable Whispering Gallery.
John Bull: We’ll stop here so that you can have rest. Our tour has finished. I hope very much that you have enjoyed this tour. Thank you and goodbye.
Agree or disagree
- The Parliament of the UK consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
- Westminster Abbey is a national shrine where the kings and queens are crowned and famous people are buried.
- With the population of 59 million Britain has the first largest population in Europe.
- The head of the State, Queen Elizabeth the ll has a largely ceremonial role.
- Cardiff is the capital city of Scotland. The capital of Wales is Edinburgh.
- English of course is the main language in the UK. But there are other native languages.
- The north and west of England are mainly flat.
- St. Paul’s Cathedral is the largest Protestant Church in England.
Conclusion of the lesson.