Основная задача: используя информационные технологии, активизировать деятельность каждого учащегося в процессе обучения, создать ситуации для их творческой активности.
- практическая - активизировать знания, умения и навыки учащихся по теме;
- развивать умение аудировать ( с извлечением конкретной информации);
- развитие устной речи учащихся;
- формирование культурно-страноведческой компетенции учащихся;
- скрытый контроль уровня развития речевых умений;
- проверка уровня усвоения страноведческого материала;
- образовательная – развивать кругозор учащихся, развивать способности к распределению внимания, к догадке, к анализу и синтезу;
- ознакомление со страной изучаемого языка;
- воспитательная – создавать возможность для проявления индивидуальных способностей учащихся и умения работать в коллективе;
- воспитание потребности в приобщении к мировой культуре,
- конверты с текстами,
- карточки с изображением совы,
- кассета с записью музыки из игры “Что? Где? Когда?”,
- карты Великобритании и Англии,
В игре 6 туров и 2 команды. Сову получает та команда, которая первой более полно, творчески и правильно ответила на вопрос. Лимит времени на подготовку ответов 1 минута. В команде по 6 человек. 3 стола: один с конвертами и юлой, два с командами.
Правила: ведущий крутит юлу, открывает выпавший вопрос и читает. В конверте 2 одинаковых текста с информацией, которые раздаются командам. Спустя 1 минуту команды по очереди отвечают.
T: Glad to see you, dear boys and girls. Today we are having a competition “What? Where? When? ”. Now the teams will introduce themselves. Teams will receive an оwl for each right answer.
(Captains of teams tell about the teams and participants)
T: Thanks. I think you”ll have your оwls fairly. Today we’ll see which of you knows more about England. So, let’s begin.
(The gong sounds, рupil twists a top and unpacks the chosen envelope)
P1: Your first question about England. You should tell about occupied territory, the seas and the population this country. You have the texts about it. One minute for considering.
P2: (One minute later) The first team, your answer now. (answer1)
P1: The answer of the second team. (answer2)
(Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nucleus of one of the greatest empires in history. The capital, largest city, and chief port of England is London, with a population (1991 preliminary) of 6,378,600. It is also the capital of Great Britain and the site of the headquarters of the Commonwealth of Nations.
England is somewhat triangular in shape, with its apex at the mouth of the Tweed River. The eastern leg, bounded by the North Sea, extends generally southeast to the North Foreland, the northern extremity of the region called the Downs. The western leg of the triangle extends generally southwest from the mouth of the Tweed along the boundary with Scotland, the Irish Sea, Saint Georges Channel, and the Atlantic Ocean to Lands End, the westernmost extremity of England and of the island. The northern frontier extends from Solway Firth on the west along the Cheviot Hills to the mouth of the Tweed on the east. The base of the triangle fronts the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The total area of England is 130,439 sq km (50,363 sq mi), 57 percent of the area of the island. This total, approximately the size of the state of North Carolina, includes the region of the Scilly Isles, southwest of Lands End in the Atlantic Ocean; the Isle of Wight (see Wight, Isle of), located off the southern coast; and the Isle of Man, located in the Irish Sea.
T: And now or next game. Let’s begin.
(рupil twists a top)
P1: Our second question about a climate. Read the text and tell about a climate of England. One minute.
(One minute later)
P2: The time has finished. Teams answer. The first team, please.
P1: The second team.
As a result of the relative warmth of the nearby seas, England has a moderate climate, rarely marked by extremes of heat or cold. The mean annual temperature ranges between 11.1њ C (52њ F) in the south and 8.9њ C (48њ F) in the northeast. Seasonal temperatures vary between a mean of about 16.1њ C (61њ F) during July, the hottest month of the year, and 4.4њ C (40њ F) during January, the coldest month. The average January and July temperatures for the city of London are 4.5њ C (40њ F) and 18њ C (64њ F), respectively. Fogs, mists, and overcast skies are frequent, particularly in the Pennine and inland regions. Precipitation, heaviest during October, averages about 760 mm (about 30 in) annually in most of England
T: Thanks. I see you were well prepared and know England. And now our next game. Please.
( the рupil twists a top and unpacks the chosen envelope. Reads the task).
T: For this task you need the computers. Please, go to your computers and make the videoproject about the main city of England , five minutes. Use the program Power Point.
(Pupils make videoprojects from materials prepared at home)
T: And now give your projects. 2 projects from each team.
T: Thanks. You have done the question perfectly. We” ll continue our game.
After London, Birmingham, population (1991) 934,900, is the second largest city and is the center of an extensive industrial area that contains major concentrations of the automotive and other industries. Liverpool (448,300) is the second largest port and a major cargo export outlet of Great Britain; it is also a great commercial and industrial center. Manchester (397,400) is the chief commercial hub of the cotton and synthetic-fiber textile industries, as well as an important financial and commercial center and a major port. Among other important cities are Sheffield (500,500), the heavy engineering center famous for its high-quality steels, cutlery, and tools, and Bristol (370,300), a leading port and commercial center.
(The gong sounds, рupil twists юлу and unpacks the chosen envelope)
P1: Our fourth question about a religion. Read the text and tell about it. One minute.
P2: The time has finished. Teams answer.
The Church of England, a Protestant Episcopal denomination, is the state church and the nominal church of nearly three-fifths of the population. The denomination next in importance is the Roman Catholic church, which has about 6 million members in England. Among the numerous Protestant denominations are the Methodist, Baptist, Congregationalist, Unitarian, and Society of Friends. England also has about 600,000 Muslims and 350,000 Jews. Large communities of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs have immigrated to England since the 1950s.
T: Thanks. And now ours following game. You are very good players. I see that your preparation is very serious. We”ll continue. Please.
(the рupil twists a top and unpacks the chosen envelope. Reads the task).
P1: Our fifth question about education.
P2: The computers are necessary for the next task again. Please, go to your computers and make the project about education in England. Five minutes.
P1: Are you ready? Your answers, please. The first team.
P2: The second team.
T: Very well. I see you can work with computer well. Your answers are very interesting.
For the development and administration of the educational system, see Great Britain. In England and Wales school attendance is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16. About 90 percent of the elementary and secondary schools are organized and maintained by local education authorities and supported entirely by public funds; the remainder are voluntary schools, provided and maintained by a private body, usually of a religious denomination.
Elementary and Secondary Schools
In the mid-1980s about 7.7 million pupils were attending publicly maintained schools in England and Wales. Enrollment in independent schools was about 512,000; these private schools are referred to in England as “public” schools. The transfer from elementary to secondary school generally takes place at the age of 11.
Children with conditions such as blindness, deafness, mental retardation, or other disabilities are given special aid in ordinary schools or attend one of the day or boarding schools established for such children. In the mid-1980s these special schools numbered nearly 1500 in England alone.
Universities and Colleges
In the mid-1980s some 500 institutions provided part-time or full-time education beyond the secondary level (called “further education”) for students who do not go to a university. These schools included colleges, polytechnics, and institutes of agriculture, art, commerce, and science. Colleges of education numbered about 60.
Of the 34 traditional degree-granting universities in England, all except Oxford and Cambridge (see Cambridge, University of; Oxford, University of) were founded in the 19th and 20th centuries, many of them since World War II (1939-1945). In the mid-1980s full-time university students totaled more than 290,000 annually
T: Thanks. And now will be our final game. I think you”ll finish our work adequately. Please.
(the рupil twists a top and unpacks the chosen envelope. Reads the task).
P1: Our sixth question about a culture.
P2: You must make the message about a cultural life of England using your texts. Start, please.
P1: So, I hope you are ready. The first team, your answer, please.
P2: And now we”ll listen to the answer of the second team.
Little is known of the earliest inhabitants of England. The megaliths at Stonehenge attest to the early presence of an able people, as do early historical and archaeological reports, but the first lasting influence on English culture was contributed by the Celts. Roads and ruins bear witness to the Roman occupation, which began with the invasion of Julius Caesar in 55 BC and extended until the 5th century AD. Christianity was introduced by Roman soldiers but made little headway with the populace, and its spread awaited the arrival of Saint Augustine, first archbishop of Canterbury, in the 6th century.
Following the Roman departure, the Saxons became dominant. A record of their era is provided by the annals known as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and by the writings of Saint Bede the Venerable, the theologian and historian. The Norman Conquest in 1066 overthrew the Saxon dominance and, in its mixing of elements from the Saxon and Celtic past with the Norman, created a new culture. The Normans introduced feudalism and the French language to the upper classes. From the 11th to the 14th century French was used at court and in vernacular literature; Latin was used in scholarly literature.
A major task for William the Conqueror and his successors was the amalgamation of Norman and Saxon and their common defense against warlike factions in Scotland, Wales, and Scandinavia. A stable social order directed toward these goals evolved slowly; elements of it still persist today. For example, both the strong class system of the English and their hereditary peerage have their roots in the Norman period.
The decline of feudalism, starting late in the 14th century, led in England as elsewhere to the rise of cities and the development of a middle class. By the 14th century a national secular culture was beginning to emerge, and the English language (an amalgam of Anglo-Saxon and Norman-French elements) was being adopted by the educated. The English, however, had unique limitations caused by the size of their island and the limited type and amount of resources found there. To fill their needs they developed into a nation of traders and mariners. The exploits of Sir Francis Drake and the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) led to commercial advantage as much as to naval victories. Supremacy at sea not only gained England an empire but put the English in touch with peoples the world over. Wealth flowed back to the island in consequence, and so did ideas that enriched the traditions of England. Limited local work forces contributed to the invention of machines and to the earliest manifestations of what became known as the Industrial Revolution.
Among the prime traditions of the English are a fierce pride in their freedom, a unity against adversity, and an ability to bring differing factions together in compromise. Pride in being English is also a national trait, although the English show considerable diversity in habits, manners, and even in speech. Perhaps because of this diversity, the closest thing to a national holiday in England is Guy Fawkes Day, celebrated on November 5 (see Fawkes, Guy). The sports most favored are cricket, rugby football, association football (soccer), and tennis. Both dog and horse racing are also popular.
Libraries and Museums
More than 500 public library authorities administer some 40,000 branch libraries throughout Great Britain. Among the libraries in London are the British Library, the various divisions of which constitute the largest library in Great Britain; the University of London Central Library; the Science Museum Library; and the Public Record Office Library, which contains the National Archives. Many cities and towns have museums of art, natural history, and archaeology. The best-known and largest museum is the British Museum in London, which contains collections of art and archaeological specimens from all over the world. Other outstanding museums in London are the Tate Gallery, the National Gallery, and the Victoria and Albert Museum.
T: Thanks to the both teams. Tell, what did you make on the lesson? What have you known about England?
T: Аnd now we shall count up owls do you have.
The announcement of winners.
T: Thanks for game. You have excellent today.