- развитие умения читать и говорить на основе прочитанного;
- развитие умения аудировать с извлечением конкретной информации;
- развитие лексических навыков чтения и говорения;
- воспитание у уч-ся уважения к культуре страны изучаемого языка.
Оборудование: карта Великобритании, флаг Уэльса, видеофильм, учебник “Headway”(pre-intermediate, video), раздаточный материал.
I. Организационный момент
Good morning. I’m glad to see you. Sit down, please.
II. Речевая зарядка
T: Today we are going to speak about Wales.
# What is Wales?
# What other parts of Great Britain do you know?
# What is the capital of England? Scotland? Northern Ireland?
P: May I help you? I have some questions.
T: Yes, you are welcome.
P: I say, friends, why not speak about Wales?
Do you know the capital of Wales?
- Yes? I do. Cardiff has been the official capital of Wales since 1955.
P: Is Wales a big country?
- Wales is not a big country. It is 242 kms from north to south.
P: Can you call the symbol of Wales?
- The symbol of Wales is a dragon. St. David is the patron saint of Wales. In 1953 it was made the official Royal Badge of Wales.
P: I want to add that the leek is another symbol of Wales. What are the Welsh proud of?
They are proud of their language. Welsh is a Celtic language, and is very difficult to learn. It has musical intonation and difficult sounds such as CH and LL.
P: Do you want to add anything?
Many Welsh-speakers use English words and add a Welsh ending, so we hear ‘switchio’, ‘climbio’, ‘recommendio’.
P: What other information do you know?
Welshmen living in England are often called by the nickname “Taffy”.
After London, the University of Wales is the largest in the UK. It was established almost one hundred years ago.
P: Are there any national parks in Wales?
Yes, there are three National Parks in Wales, they are protected by law. The most famous of the parks is Snowdonia in the northwest.
P: What can people do there?
Many people travel to the parks to walk, to climb, to go in for water sports such as canoeing and fishing.
P: I want to add that one of the biggest power stations in the world is in the heart of a Welsh mountain. It uses the water of a large mountain lake.
T: I see that you know some interesting facts about Wales. But can you describe the geographical position of Wales? (карточки с табличками)
1. And now we shall speak about the geographical position of… .
2. … is situated/ is located in the … .
|north-east of Europe||CCC||north-west of …|
|south of Asia||south-east of …|
|east of Africa||north-east of …|
|west of North America||south-west of …|
|central part of Europe|
3. The geographical latitude of … is between … degrees North/South.
4. The geographical longitude of … is between … degrees East/West.
5. … is washed by the waters of … ocean(s)/ sea(s). … is not washed by the waters of any oceans/ seas.
T: Now we know the geographical position of Wales. You are well done.
T: Look at the title of the text. What do you think what the text is about according to the title? What is the problem?
1. Соотнеси заголовки с отрывками из текста (самостоятельная работа с текстом с целью извлечения конкретной информации).
Decline – упадок, спад
Increase – увеличение
Rural depopulation – уменьшение населения сельской местности
Survive – выживать
Forbid – запрещать
T: Well, the task is to read the article quickly and put these paragraph headings into correct places in the text (уч-ся читают текст).
Keys: c) Education
d) Rural depopulation
e) Holiday homes
b) The media
Read the article quickly and put these paragraph headings into the correct places in the text.
b) The media
d) Rural depopulation
e) Holiday homes
The Decline of Welsh
A hundred years ago 60% of Welsh people spoke Welsh. Now only 20% are Welsh-speaking. Why have the numbers fallen so quickly? Here are some of the reasons for the decline.
In the nineteenth century people thought that Welsh was an uncivilized language. If you wanted to be successful in life, you had to learn English, the language of the British Empire. So in many schools in Wales the children were forbidden to speak Welsh.
At the beginning of the twentieth century many English and Irish people moved to South Wales to work in the mines and steel works. They didn’t learn Welsh.
People, especially young people, moved away from the Welsh-speaking villages and farms to look for work in the big towns and cities, so the Welsh-speaking communities became much smaller.
In the 1960s and 1970s many English people bought holiday cottages in Wales. Most of them did not learn Welsh. This also pushed up the price of houses so that local Welsh-speaking people couldn’t afford them.
English comes into every Welsh home through the television, the radio, newspapers, books, etc. There are Welsh-language TV and radio stations, but far fewer than English ones. And now there’s cable and satellite TV, too – in English, of course!
The decline in the number of Welsh speakers has now stopped. But will numbers ever start to increase again? Young people are now learning Welsh at school, but if the small Welsh-speaking communities of North Wales die, then the Welsh language will probably not survive as a living language.
2. Контроль понимания прочитанного. Беседа по прочитанному.
T: Let’s answer the questions on the text.
Read the article again and answer these questions:
1. What percentage of the Welsh population spoke Welsh in 1800?
2. Why were children forbidden to speak Welsh in school in the 19th century?
3. Why did many English people buy cottages in North Wales?
4. What part of Wales would you like to visit – north or south Wales and what part to live in?
5. What do you think if the Welsh language will survive?
2. They thought that Welsh is an uncivilized language. If people wanted to be successful in life they had to learn English.
3. They bought cottages because the nature in north Wales is very beautiful and the price was not high,
4. I would like to live in South Wales because it is more civilized and to visit North Wales because of fresh air and charming nature.
5. I think, the Welsh language must survive because children learn Welsh.
T: So we see that people of Wales try to solve that problem.
3. Развитие умения аудировать с извлечением конкретной информации.
T: I want to say that the history of Wales is also very attractive. We’ll see a video film but before look at the blackboard. Here is a list of words.
а) фонетическая зарядка;
the Snowdonia National part
b) просмотр фильма;
Видеокассета с аутентичными материалами к учебному пособию “Happy English” 2 для 7-9 классов общеобразовательной школы.
12. Wales – the Land of Song.
( Documentary 3’30)
Wales is a land of mountains and valleys. The highest mountain is Mount Snowdon in the Snowdonia National Park. It is a favourite holiday and hiking spot for the Welsh and English.
Wales has some wonderful holiday towns. And the beaches are beautiful.
This is Caernavon Castle, where the Prince of Wales received his title. There are castles everywhere in Wales. Most were built by the English to keep the Welsh under control. The English and Welsh have been very bad neighbours for centuries. The English have invaded Wales many, many times. And the Welsh invaded England. One of the ancient defensive structures in Britain is Offa’s Dyke. It runs along the border between Wales and England. It was built in the eighth century to keep the Welsh out of England, but it didn’t.
The most populated part of Wales is the south around Cardiff. This is where the coal is. In this part of Wales, coal has become part of everyday life. For two hundred years the Welsh have been mining coal in these valleys. Mining coal and singing. The Welsh take great pride in their choirs and their songs have traveled the world from the “Singing Valleys”.
The people take great pride in the Welsh language. It is taught in schools and has its television and radio stations. This sign on the border between Wales and England welcomes the visitor. “Croeso y Cymru”, it says, “Welcome to Wales”. But don’t worry, Welsh people speak English too!
This is the longest name in the world. It’s a railway station in Wales. Can you pronounce it?
c) контроль понимания.
# Answer the questions:
- What is Wales?
- Where do people like to spend holidays?
- Where did the Prince of Wales receive his title?
- Why was the Castle built?
- What is the main industry in South Wales?
- Does the Welsh language differ from English?
# Complete the sentences:
- Wales is a land of… (mountains and valleys)
- The highest mountain is …(Snowdon)
- Castles were built by the English …(to keep the Welsh under control)
- The English and Welsh have been …(very bad neighbours)
- Offa’s Dyke was …(one of the ancient defensive structures)
- It was built in the 8th century … (to keep the Welsh out of England)
- The most populated part of Wales is …(the south around Cardiff)
- The Welsh take pride in … (their choir and their songs)
- The Welsh language is …(taught in schools and has radio stations).
# True or false:
- Wales is a land of mountains. (+)
- The highest mountain is Кazbek. (-)
- Snowdon is in Snowdonia National Park. (+)
- The Welsh don’t like hiking. (-)
- The Prince of England received his title in Caernavon Castle. (-)
- Most Castles were built by the Welsh. (-)
- The English wanted to keep the Welsh under control. (+)
- The English and Welsh have been bad neighbours for centuries. (+)
- The English have invaded Wales many times. (+)
- The Welsh have invaded England. (+)
- Offa’s Dyke is on the River Thames. (-)
- Offa’s Dyke was built in the 20th century. (-)
- The most populated part of Wales is the south around Cardiff. (+)
- This place is where gold is. (-)
- For 200 years the Welsh have been mining coal in these valleys. (+)
- The Welsh are proud of their traditional choirs. (+)
- The Welsh speak only English. (-)
- They have their own TV and radio stations. (+)
# Индивидуальные карточки.
FIND LOGIC PAIRS
|1) a land of||a) Wales|
|2) the Prince of||b) Mountains and valleys|
|3) beautiful||c) National Park|
|4) Snowdonia||d) beaches|
|5) bad||e) structure|
|6) ancient||f) neighbours|
|7) the eighth||g) century|
|8) the most||h) pride|
|9) every day||i) populated part|
|10) great||j) life|
|11) the Welsh||k) station|
|12) its own||l) coal|
|13) railway||m) language|
|14) mining||n) TV and radio stations|
T: Thank you for your work. I see you did your best.
4. Развитие лексических навыков чтения и говорения.
T: I think it is high time to read and speak.
Работа над текстом “North Wales” (p.33)
- The task is to fill in the gaps.
- Try to convince me to go to North Wales.
- отработка произношения слов
T: First let’s read words in the box:
scenery ccccc * highest biligual * flag invaded * nation castles * Celtic
- ознакомление с текстом по группам
- проверка понимания
- приглашение в Уэльс.
In North Wales you can see some of the most beautiful ___ in Britain. Take a train to the top of Snowdon, Wales’ ___ mountain.
There are many huge ___ in North Wales. The English built them in the thirteenth century when they ___ Wales.
This the Welsh ___ . Although Wales is not an independent ___ , it has its own culture and language.
Welsh is a ___ language and one of the oldest in Europe. Many people in Wales are ___: they speak Welsh as their first language.
T: I want to have nice holidays. Help me to choose the place to rest, please.
P1: You may go to North Wales as the nature is very attractive.
P2: You may go to North Wales because you can see many historic places there. Etc.
T: Dear friends, what places in Russia would you like to visit and to invite our Welsh friends? What people would come to Norilsk – from South or from North Wales?
5. Подведение итогов урока.
T: We spoke and read much about Wales at the lesson. I am satisfied with your answers, thank you. Your marks …