1. Систематизировать знания учащихся в области искусства.
2.Совершенствовать навыки и умения.
1.Образовательные: активизировать работу каждого учащегося; повысить уровень знаний в области искусства, в частности Британии; 2. Развивающие:самообразование учащихся;развивать лексические навыки говорения;развивать навыки детального понимания содержания;развивать мышление, логическую догадку;
3. Воспитательные:воспитание цивилизованной личности;воспитывать интерес к искусству;
4.Практические:развитие навыков работы в группах; развитие навыков работы с большим объемом информации;
Работа над проектом начинается с распределения тем по группам. (Четыре темы-четырегруппы) The Directions of Art; Typed of Genre- Painting; The Famous British Artists; Museums & galleries.Презентациюпроектаначинаетведущийсвведения:Visual art is a vast subject, including all kinds of pictures and sculptures. Artist make art for many reasons. Hundreds of years ago- when many people couldn’t read- paintings were often designed to illustrate stories, especially Bible stories. And a lot of paintings were made to decorate churches. More recently, artists have begun to paint to express their own feelings or explore ideas, or just to create something beautiful. People have always argued about art-how to make it, what it should look like and why. But there are no right or wrong answers. For example, some people think that paintings should looktrue to life. But many artists want to create more imaginative works-especially now that we have photographs to record how things look. It’s common knowledge that there’s a huge difference in what artists do.После вводной части каждая группа начинает представлять свою работу по плану проекта.
Защиту проекта начинает первая группа,тема: “TheDirectionsofArt”
The Art Movements Directory is a concise reference guide to the major art movements and periods, helping us to learn more about the development and history of art.
Classicism refers to the appreciation and imitation of Greek and Roman literature, art, and architecture. Although the term is normally used to describe art derived from ancient influences, it can also mean excellence, high artistic quality, and conservatism. The first major classic revival occurred during the Renaissance period in Italy. The style’s leading artists included Michelangelo, Raphael, Correggio, and Mantegna during the Renaissance and Mengs and Winckelman during the Neoclassical period.
Impressionism is a movement in French painting, sometimes called optical realism because of its almost scientific interest in the actual visual experience and effect of light and movement on appearance of objects.
Impressionist fascination with light and movement was at the core of their art. Impressionists learned how to transcribe directly their visual sensations of nature.
Romanticism beginning with the late -18th to the mid -19th century. Romantic artists were fascinated by the nature, the genius, their passions and inner struggles, their moods, mental potentials, the heroes
Realismthe accurate and apparently objective description of the ordinary, observable world, a change especially evident in painting. Artists - Realists attempted to portray the lives, appearances, problems, customs.
Expressionismdeveloped during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Expressionism was opposed to academic standards. The subjects of expressionist works were frequently distorted, or otherwise altered. Landmarks of this movement were violent colors and exaggerated lines that helped contain intense emotional expression. Application of formal elements is vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic.
Cubism is the most radical, innovative, and influential ism of twentieth-century art. It is complete denial of Classical conception of beauty. Cubism was the joint invention of two men, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Their achievement was built the foundation of Picasso's early work then developed to a Synthetic Cubism.
Surrealism was an artistic movement that brought together artists, thinkers and researchers in hunt of sense of expression of the unconscious. They were searching for the definition of new aesthetic, new humankind and a new social order. Surrealists had their forerunners in Italian Metaphysical Painters (Giorgio de Chirico) in early 1910's.
Втораягруппа, тема: “Typed of Genre- Painting”There are a few types of genre-painting in a fine art :still life, landscape, frescoes, portraits, collagesh, photographs and prints.
Still LifeOne of genres of fine art, mainly are painting. In still life represented only everyday, I.e. everyday, ordinary things, inanimate objects. Things in still life are purposefully grouped in a single environment, forming the world of artificial reality, in one or another degree of transformed by a man. Artist not represents things “from nature”, as they are located in an interior, but preliminary kompanuet them in accordance with a semantic and artistic task.
The LandscapeA theme of landscape is locality environment, natural or regenerate a man nature (earth with its landscapes, types of mountains, rivers, fields, forests) city and rural locality. In natural select a sea-piece and space, astral is an image of celestial space, stars and planets. Landscape is not simply image, but always image of natural and city environment, its certain interpretation, that finds the expression the historically replaced styles of landscape art
Prints (franc. Gravure, from graver - to cut out).In a fine art there is a section of graphic arts.Prints is named original, if it wholly, including all treatment of board, carried out an artist.How do artists create engraving? At first an artist does the picture of future work on a board from a hard tree. Then an artist-Prints deepens all places in a picture, which must be white color, by the special chisels - shtikheley. An artist does not touch places in a picture, which must be black. Except for black and white colors there are different tints of grey color in Prints .
Portrait A portrait means in translation from French to "reproduce a devil in the line" of therepresented man. A portrait usually appears from nature. An intricate problem costs before an artist - to pass the look of man, his person, figure, motion, suit, situation.A portrait means in translation from French to "reproduce a devil in the line" of the represented man.
A portrait usually appears from nature. An intricate problem costs before an artist - to pass the look of man, his person, figure, motion, suit, situation. Usually order the portraits of all family members: portrait of children, portrait of wife, portrait of father or grandfather. In fact the living soul of man is present in every picture as though, from it even comes from warmly.
Fresco Term a “fresco” originates from Italian expression “and fresco”, or “alfresco” - to for-raw, that letter on raw, moist lime soil, and “secco” – the so-calles fresco to for-dry. At drying out the lime contained in a plaster forms thin transparent calcium tape, doing a lasting fresco. Uniquely, that characteristically for all its modifications- it lime connective its soils and paints.
Photography Photographersconsistently espoused the idea that photography was an art. They shared the belief that photography was a set of physical and chemical operations in which the artist played a key part by measuring, filtering and softening matter, shade and light, and specially by choosing subjects and settings.
Collage in the modernist sense began with Cubist painters Georges Baraqueand Pablo Picasso. According to some sources,Picasso was the first to use the collage technique in oil paintings.Collages are made by gluing down bits of colour paper or other materials.
Третьягруппа, тема: “The Famous British Artists”
The Famous Artists includes a selection of master artists from the history of art.
Sir Joshua Reynolds. (16 July 1723 – 23February 1792) was the most important and influential of 18th century English painters, specialising in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealisation of the imperfect. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy.George III appreciated his merits and knighted him in 1769.
William Hogarth (10 November, 1697 – 26 October, 1764) was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from excellent realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects".
Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-1788)- was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century of Britain
John Everett Millais.Millais (pronounced Mih-lay) was born in SouthamptonEngland in 1829, of a prominent Jersey-based family. His prodigious artistic talent won him a place at the Royal Academy Scholls at the unprecedented age of eleven.
Turner, John Mallord William (1775-1851). One of the finest landscape artists was J.M.W. Turner, whose work was exhibited when he was still a teenager. His entire life was devoted to his art. Unlike many artists of his era, he was successful throughout his career.
John Constable(11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an EnglishRomantic painter. Born inSuffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the areasurrounding his home—nowknown as "Constable"I should paint myown places best", he wrote tohis friend John.
Sir Stanley Spencer. (30 June 1891 – 14 December 1959) was an English painter. Much of his greatest work depicts Biblical scenes, from miracles to Crucifixion, happening not in the Holy Land but in the small village where he was born and spent most of his life fellow-villagers frequently stand in for their Gospel counterparts, lending on occasion Christian teachings an eerie immediacy.
Четвертаягруппа, тема: “Museums&galleries”
Britian has hundreds local and regional museums and full of eye-catching and informative collections that provide us with an historical and contemporary link with local communities. There about 2500 museums and galleries in Britain and over 300 in London alone.
The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than 7 million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present. The museum is a Non-Departmental Public Body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport
The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury, on the site of the current museum building.
National Gallery MuseumMuseum that houses paintings of European artists from 1250 to the last century. Includes works by Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, Turner, Renoir, Cezanne and Van Gogh.
National Portrait Gallery. The National Portrait Gallery is located near the National Gallery and is dedicated to portraits of the royal family and British citizens who contributed to the country's history.
Проект завершает ведущий вопросами по материалу:
Answers the questions.
- Are you interested in art? What art in particular?
- What world- famous artists do you know? like?
- Who is your favorite painter? Why?
- Which of the two genres- portrait or landscape painting- attracts you more? Do you know any well-known portraitists? Landscapists?
- Do you know any British museums?
- Do you ever go to picture galleries and art museums?
- Do you think photography can be called a visual art? Why? Why not?
- Have you ever tried your hand at any of these three arts- painting, sculpture and photography? How successful were you?