Разработка урока по английскому языку по теме "Present Perfect". 7-й класс

Разделы: Иностранные языки


Цель урока: формирование грамматических навыков по теме “Present Perfect”.

Задачи урока:

образовательная: введение и первичное закрепление нового грамматического материала;

развивающая: развитие памяти, внимания, логического мышления;

воспитательная: содействовать эстетическому воспитанию школьников.

Ход урока

1. Организационный момент

Good morning children! How are you? I am glad to see you!

2. Cooбщение цели урока

Today you will read a small story, learn how to use the new tense: the present perfect tense

3. Фонетическая разминка

First, let’s do a phonetic drill. I’d like you to learn the new tongue-twister.

She sells seashells on the seashore

[s]

[ʃ]

Listen and repeat. What sounds did you hear?

4. Тренировка языковой догадки

Open your books on page _54_. It is a cartoon. Look at this cartoon and ask who is Andy? (A robot which looks like a human)

Who does he work for. (Smart Alec)

Listen to the story.

Check understanding of vocabulary by asking questions like:

What do we call a thief who takes things from people’s pockets?

- A pickpocket

What does a pickpocket take from pockets?

- Wallets and purses

5. Проверка понимания прочитанного текста.

Students work with their partner to connect the phrases. Go through the answers with the whole class

Look at the blackboard and connect the halves of the sentences.

1. Smart Alec a) has stolen some wallets and purses
2. A pickpocket b) arrest Smart Alec
3. Sweet Sue, Smart Alec and Andy c) picks up the wallets and purses
4. The thief d) has invented an android detective
5. Andy e) go to the multiplex cinema
6. Two Police officers f) runs away

Keys:

1 – d; 2 – a; 3 – e; 4 – f; 5 – c; 6 – b.

6. Ознакомление с новым грамматическим материалом

Look at the cartoon again to be able to complete the sentences ex. 3  Complete these sentences from the story.

1. A pickpocket has stolen some wallets and purses.

2. Two police officers have arrived Smart Alec.

Write the sentences on the board and underline the verbs.

This is the present perfect tense. It has got two parts:

have/has + a past participle.

Look again at the sentences on the blackboard. Find the two parts of the present perfect

We use the present perfect when an action from the past has a result in the present.

Find more examples of the present perfect in the story. What is the result of each past action?

Present Perfect - действие, которое завершилось к настоящему моменту.

Present Perfect употребляется:

1) Для выражения действия, завершившегося к моменту речи

just - только что; already - уже,

yet – ещё; lately - недавно,

recently – недавно

I have just had lunch – Я только что пообедал

He has already posted it – Он уже отправил это

Для выражения действия, которое завершилось, но тот период, в котором оно происходило, ещё продолжается:

today – сегодня

this week - на этой неделе,

this month - в этом месяце.

ave spent all my money this morning –

Я потратил все мои деньги этим утром (еще утро)

I have written two poems this week –

Я написал два стихотворения на этой неделе со следующими ключевыми словами:

always - всегда,

often - часто,

seldom - редко,

ever - когда-нибудь,

never – никогда

I have never been to Paris before –

Я никогда до этого не был в Париже.

Have you ever been there? –

Вы когда-нибудь были там?

Look at the blackboard and write the third form of the verbs

play rain
decide work
look live

Если инфинитив оканчивается на немое -e или -ee,

то прибавляется только –d.

live -  lived

type - typed

Правила чтения

[ d ] – после звонких согласных (кроме [d])

гласных звуков [b, g, v, z, m, n, l, j, w, r

гласных

inform – informed

follow – followed

[ t ] – после глухих согласных звуков

[p, k, f, s, h, c] (кроме [t]):

ask – asked

place – placed

[ Id ] – после звуков [d] и [t]:

End – ended

Invite – invited

Some past participles are regular. Look at these examples. How do we make a regular past participle?

call called
arrive arrived
drop dropped

find a list of them at the back of this book. Fine some irregular past participles in the story. Some past participles are irregular and you can

steal    stolen

7. Тренировка в употреблении предложений в present perfect.

Look at the pictures and write what has happened in each picture. Use these cues.

(Презентация)

8. Домашнее задание

At home you will do ex.6.1 in you work-book.

9. Итоги урока

The lesson is over now. Most of you have done that very well.

Thank you for the lesson.

12.07.2014