- совершенствование коммуникативной и общей речевой культуры;
- включение школьников в диалог культур, развитие способности и готовности вступать в иноязычное общение;
- овладение культурой общения;
- развитие мировосприятия школьников и общепланетарного образа мышления.
- формирование уважительного отношения к истории и культуре других народов;
- воспитание толерантности, эмпатии;
- воспитание умения работать в группах и самостоятельно;
- развивать логическое мышление;
- расширить лингвистический кругозор учащегося;
- развивать умение сравнивать и обобщать.
Оснащение: новогодние стихи, открытки, стенгазеты, демонстрационные материалы.
T: Dear boys and girls! A group of our students has just returned from China. They have learned a lot of interesting things about this ancient country and are going to tell us how Chinese people celebrate one of the most important holidays – the New Year.
P1: Chinese follow the same calendar as we do. However, each year is
given the name of one of these animals: rat, ox, tiger, hare, dragon, snake, horse, goat,
monkey, chicken, dog and pig. This list lasts for twelve years and then starts again.
Each Chinese month starts on the day of the new moon, so that the full moon comes on the fifteenth day of the month. The New Year always starts between January the twenty-first and February the twentieth.
P2: Why are the years called after these 12 certain animals?
P1: There is a legend according to which Buddha asked all the animals living on the Earth to come to his place. But only these 12 came. So he gave their names to the years.
P4: They told us another legend about the most important God in China.
He is called the Kitchen God. He listens to everybody. One week before the New Year, he
goes to Heaven to tell the Father of Gods about everything he has seen and heard on earth.
Before New Year’s Day, some Chinese people clean out their houses very carefully. The women make many kinds of cakes, and everybody buys new clothes. There is a feast on the day when the Kitchen God goes to Heaven, and a special cake is made for him. This cake is sticky and sweet. The people hope that the Kitchen God will eat the cake, and that the God’s mouth will be so sticky that he will not be able to make a bad report about them. If this fails, they hope the sweetness of the cake will make the Kitchen God pleased with them.
P5: Do Chinese organize parties at home as we do?
P1: Certainly, they do. On the last day of the old year, there is a big family dinner. All members of the family try to be present at this meal, even if they have to travel many miles to reach the home of their parents. Old quarrels are forgotten, and everybody is happy. On this day, too, all debts must be paid.
P6: I heard that they have even longer celebrations than we do.
P7: You are right. The Chinese New Year celebrations last for fifteen days, or from the new moon to the full moon. On the first day, the children and unmarried people go to visit their elders, and greet them with words which mean May you be happy and prosperous. Often they give a cup of tea to their elders, and receive red packets containing money in return.
P8: Is there any traditional meal in China on the first day of the New Year?
P3: In some families, the first meal on this day must not contain any meat. After this meal, many people go to the temples to pray for good health and peace, and to give thanks for the happiness of the past year.
T: I think children in China like this holiday very much.
P4: Yes, this is a lucky day for children because their parents will not scold them at all. Tears and quarrels are avoided so that the year will be as good or as bad as New Year’s Day itself, and that bad or rude words on this day will bring a bad year for them. The house must not be swept out on this day or all the good luck will be swept away.
T: And what about the other days?
P7: On the second day of the New Year, there is a lot of fun and more visiting. Some shops open on this day or on the fourth day, but they will not open on the third day because this is an unlucky day when most people remain at home.
P1: The Gods return from Heaven on the fourth day and the people have a feast to welcome them back to their houses. There is a Chinese tradition that Man came into the world on the seventh day, so this day is a birthday for everybody. There is a special feast of raw fish with vinegar and spices.
P2: I would like to have one more birthday, too!
P3: Me too. But let’s go on. There is a feast to the God of Earth on the tenth day, and another one to the God of War on the thirteenth day.
P4: There is a feast to the God of Earth on the tenth day, and another one to the God of War on the thirteenth day. At last, after many prayers, feasts and other celebrations, the fifteenth day comes. This is a special day for young men and girls. Fire-crackers are lit to frighten away evil spirits, and there is another big feast. In the evening, young girls throw oranges into the sea or river.
P5: In Italy they throw away old furniture. And why do Chinese throw oranges? Don’t they like them?
P7: As they do this, they say a few words and hope that this will help them to find a good husband. The young men throw in dried carrots, say their words, and hope to find a good wife. The full moon shines down on the land, and the celebrations come to an end.
P6: Do all Chinese follow such a traditional celebration?
P6: Of course not all Chinese people believe all these things, but many of them think that New Year’s Day is the most important holiday in their year.
P8: It is therefore good for all of us to know something about this festival.
T: Thank you very much boys and girls. Your story was very interesting and we got real pleasure listening to it.
T: Now let’s use the picture of the Chinese zodiac and guess what each sign might say about personality born under it.
Ученики рассказывают о чертах характера знакомых им людей, родившихся в соответствующем году.
Подведение итогов занятия. Выставление оценок.
T: Well children, you worked very well today. Your marks are … Now you’ll get cards for your homework. You have to read the text and use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word which fits the space in the same line.