Цели урока: формирование коммуникативной компетенции учащихся на основе изученных лексических единиц, речевых и грамматических структур по теме “Охрана окружающей среды”.
Образовательные: активизация лексики, закрепление грамматических навыков говорения с использованием грамматических структур.
Развивающие: развитие личностной активности учащихся, познавательного интереса, познавательных способностей (речь, память, внимание, воображение) мышления.
Воспитательные: формирование уважительного отношения к природе и ответственного отношения к экологическим проблемам, чувства любви к природе и ответственности за ее сохранение.
Тип урока: систематизация и закрепление знаний по теме.
Оборудование: компьютер; мультимедийный проектор.
Оснащение урока: презентация “Protection of Environment”; аудиоматериал из аудиоприложения к учебнику английского языка “Счастливый английский” для 7 класса; плакаты; портреты художников Репина, Шишкина.
Презентация для урока в приложении 1.
T. Good morning, children! I am glad to see you!
P-s – So we are.
T. – Today we are going to discuss the problem of environmental protection. But to begin lesson I’d like you to recite a poem about Russia.
Oh, Russia, I’m in love with you!
Remember, Russia, you are great
Not in the field of battles past
But in the lush green fields of wheat
And forests, gardens, free of dust.
I love you deeply, dear land,
Your lakes with shores of fine sand,
Your rivers, valleys, hills and seas;
Your songs and dances; birds in trees;
Your sunrise is a splendid sight
Which always gives me such delight!
T.: Now children, I’d like to ask you the most important questions of our lesson: Do you like our town and our district? Do you want to see our town clean and tidy?
P.: Oh, yes, we do. There are many beautiful cities and towns in the world. I’d like to visit one of them. But there is no place like home. I love my Native town. I was born here and Live with my parents. It’s not the capital, but it is a wonderful place to live. My town is old and modern at the same time. It is old because it was founded in 1863.
I live in the main street. It is the widest street in my town. A lot of cars, buses run fast along it. If you want to see the places of interest in our town, you can walk along the main street. It leads to the main square. It will be a short trip but you can see a lot: a cinema, a park and museums. There is only one church in our town. Every morning and evening we can hear the sound of the bells. And I want to see my town clean and tidy. A warm Abinsk welcome you.
T.: Thank you. Tell me, please what does the word “environment” mean to you?
P.: To my mind it means – oceans, rivers, seas, lakes, forests and animals.
P.: And I think it means – oceans, rivers, seas, lakes, forests, animals, cars, plants and cities.
P.: But it seems to me it means – oceans, rivers, seas, lakes, forests, animals, cars, plants and cities, people and me.
T.: Thank you, I agree with you. You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. The issue of ecology is important. Our district is nice and beautiful. It is large. But there are some ecological problems in our district too.
P.: I am sorry but not long ago our district was clean and healthy but now we have the same ecological problems as all over the world. The main ones are:
(Учащиеся называют основные экологические проблемы при помощи метода “ мозгового штурма”)
– litter is not reused or recycled;
– the air is poisoned by cars;
P.: I think that litter is the most complicated problem. In our district there are not enough special litter stations to reuse and recycle it. In our ton there are few litter bins. That is why you can see a lot of litter everywhere.
P.: And all the forest visitors should keep to these rules to protect forests and woods:
– don’t cut young trees;
– don’t break the branches of trees and bushes;
– don’t drop litter or leave it in the forest;
– don’t leave the camp-fire burning near a heap of dry leaves. And have you ever seen a forest destroyed by fire?
P.: Oh, yes. That’s an awful thing to see. Campers must always remember to put out their camp-fire and cover the place with earth. It is the duty of every camper to take the greatest care not to start a forest fire.
P.: I fully agree with you. The forests are in danger. They are disappearing, fast not only because of fires. Every day we use paper made from wood.
P.: I am afraid our river has some problems too. The water is polluted. Some years ago our river Abinka was such a pretty place to sit on its bank on a hot summer day.
P.:But today the situation is quite different, isn’t it?
P.: Yes, people throw tins and waste paper into it. Did you see what colour the water in Abinka was?
P.:Yes. The water is not clean but brown. Nothing can live or grow in this polluted water.
P.: And I want to say that when I went with parents to the seaside last summer. I was surprised that the water was not blue but brown with rubbish floating in it. How awful!
P.: I’d like to tell you about our park. Our park was founded in 19 It is laid out to mark the anniversary of Great Patriotic War by old and young people of our town. To tell the truth this park is well looked after by boys and girls of our school. That’s great!
T.: Thank you very much. Now, children, tell me, please briefly the main problems in our town. What are they?
P.: – Flowers are pulled out.
– Litter is left.
– The water is polluted.
– Fires are started.
– Trees are cut down.
– Birds and animals are frightened.
– The air is polluted.
T.: You are right. All these problems are very important. Please look at the map. The pictures show some environmental problems of our district. As these problems are global, I want you to discuss them.
(Учащиеся высказывают свое мнение по теме, используя карту)
P.: I want to be the first. If we don’t recycle paper, a lot of trees are destroyed. The countryside is spoiled. People cut down trees. If trees are destroyed and people pick flowers and grass, birds and animals may become extinct. PEOPLE, DON’T HARM PLANTS!
P.: We leave litter near the river. The water is polluted and the fish in the river die. The cleaning structures don’t work well. PEOPLE, HELP TO KEEP ALL WATER CLEAN!
P.: Many years ago the Abinka was deep and wide. People used to fish a lot. But some things that they use for fishing kill animals. PEOPLE, PROTECT ANIMALS AND FISH!
P.: We should keep Abinski district tidy. It is our home. It’s wonderful to drink some spring water on a hot summer day. PEOPLE, CLEAN SPRINS!
P.: You can see different kinds of trees and flowers in the meadows near our town. But today they are disappearing. We must protect nature. PEOPLE, PLANT TREES AND FLOWERS!
P.: There are many animals and birds in our district. We should not make unnecessary noise. Don’t be as scary as Cruella Devil from 101 Dalmatians. She is a very, very nasty woman. She hates dogs and makes fur coats out of them. Do you want to be like her? If you don’t remember these words.
PEOPLE, TAKE CARE OF BIRDS AND ANIMALS!
P.: Every spring I see rubbish near our town. I think that our people do it. They throw away old things, paper, clothes, toys and plastic bottles. Maybe they don’t know the 3R rules: reduce, re-use and recycle.
It’s a pity! PEOPLE, TAKE LITTER HOME!
T.: Now, let’s listen and read the text. Rob is telling about the environment in his country/ Do you remember Rob?...So try to get as much information as possible. You have some minutes.
OK. First of all, I want you to find the words with prefix re– (recycle, reuse). Tell me, please, how do people in England protect the environment? Why do they do it?
P.: In England people never forget to turn off lights and water, because water, heating and electricity are expensive!
P.: People sort their rubbish, because they want to help the environment.
P.: Nobody drops litter, because they have to pay a fine.
P.: Nobody wars fur coats because it is not cold. If you wear a fur coat, sometimes people from Greenpeace spray your coat with paint.
T.: Thank you. And how can you help the environment? What can you save?
P.: If I sort my rubbish, I can save the environment.
P.: If I reuse my old exercise books, I can save the forests.
P.: If I don’t wear a fur coat, I can save the animals.
P.: If I always turn water off, I can save the oceans, seas and rivers.
T.: We’ve already spoken about ecology and the importance of keeping the environment clean. Pollution is getting worse and worse. But there is always hope. And I think we have to do something about this. Let us set up our own “Greenpeace Society for Children”.
P.: Oh, I think the idea of starting up a clean up the countryside society for children is great. People have lived on our planet for many years. They lived and live on different continents and in different countries. People depend on their planet, on the sun, on animals and plants around them. So we must protect our planet.
P.: We would like to join this society.
P.: We could design posters telling people about ecological problems.
T.:OK. Children look at these posters and try to suggest important rules to these posters. I’ll give you some minutes.
P.: Do not pick wild flowers.
P.: Do not litter the ground with tins, paper and bottles.
P.: Do not frighten animals.
P.: Do not harm plants.
P.: Feed birds and help them.
P.: Plant trees and flowers.
P.: Recycle used materials such as metal, bottles and paper.
P.: Clean rivers and springs.
P.: I could design posters telling people about ecological problems of the day and put them all over the countryside and one of them will be this one. (Показывает плакат)
“Abinsk is the garden city of Krasnodar region – keep it clean and green!”
P.: We must all strive for the clean environment.
P.: I am glad to hear and I think we all agree. But there is a good saying: you needn’t strive for cleanliness, you should take a broom and sweep your street.
P.: Well, where is my broom? Am I start sweeping the street just now?
P.: Yes, you are.
T.: OK! OK! I’ll give you such an opportunity after our lesson. Children at all times our famous artists often turned to nature for inspiration. Look, what a wonderful landscape! Tell me, please, who painted the picture?
P.: To my mind Repin did.
P.: No I don’t agree with…It seems to me Shishkin did. “The Pine-Trees in the Sunlight”. It is a real masterpiece.
T.: You are right and I quite agree with you…has read about this painter. She’ll tell us about him.
P.: As you know Shishkin is one of Russia’s outstanding landscape painters. He was fond of Russian nature. And I should say, he had an instinctive feeling for nature. The picture looks very realistic, doesn’t it? I think I get an impression that you in this wood yourself. He shows the moment when the first rays of sun are breaking through.
T.: Well done! Thank you. To my mind the forest is waking up from its sleep. Well, and who has seen famous pictures about nature in an original?
P.: I visited the Tretyakov Gallery last summer.
T.: How did you like your visit to the Tretyakov Gallery?
P.: Oh, I enjoyed it. I liked one picture there. It is called “Before the Rain”. To my mind the landscape in the picture looks very romantic.
T.: Thank you. And can we allow to die such beauty?
P.: No, we can’t. I have learned a very good poem about nature “You and Mine”. Shall I recite?
T.: Yes, of course.
The sun, the trees, the grass, the sky,
The silver moon that’s sailing by,
The rain and dew and snowflakes white,
The flowers sweet and stars of night.
The song of birds, wind whispering
Such lovely things to bear and see
Belong to you belong to me.
I agree with the author of this poem. Because about two hundred years ago man loved in greater harmony with his environment. But today the situation is quite different.
T.: Thank you, children. Now it is time to make a Green Tree. I want you to use the tree leaf and write a promise. Collect all your tree leaves and make a Green Tree. Read your promises.
I promise to be nature’s best friend.
I promise to be sorry for animals.
I promise to take my litter with me.
I promise to have a plastic Xmas tree this year.
I promise not to drop in the street.
I promise to turn water off.
I promise not to harm plants.
I promise not to pick wild flowers.
I promise to plant trees.
I promise to feed birds.
T.: Well, children, our discussion is over. I’m sure that you are real friends of our planet. We all must do what we can keep the air, water and land clean. Let’s take care of our town.
My bow o Abinsk.
For songs of meadows
And rain of stars,
For snow white and blue
My dear ABINSK
I love you!
I want you to be clean and tidy.
Подведение итогов урока.
T.: So, thank you for your good work at the lesson!
You are hard-working children.
Your marks are excellent.
You can speak on this topic.
You can tell about our town and its problems.
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