Aim: try to explain that people throughout the world should help for victims of devastations, because devastations may be everywhere and damage buildings, kill people in any case.
На доске написаны слова:
Teacher: Let’s start our lesson. During previous lessons we spoke about aid throughout the world for victims of devastations. Look to the blackboard and explain the meanings of the words.
Фронтальный опрос в режиме Pupil 1, Pupil 2, Pupil 3.
- raise money means collect money
- charity means help for the poor
- famine means a great lack of food
- devastate means destroy, ruin
- aid means help (often with money,food,medical supplies).
Teacher: Charity is very popular in nowadays,but pupils do you know somebody making charity?
Pupil 1: I’d like to tell about Mother Teresa.The Albanian Missionary Mother
Teresa has dedicated her life to helping the poor,the sick and the dying people around the
world,particularly those in India.Mother Teresa is among the most well-known and highly
respected women in the world in the latter half of the twenties century. In 1948 she
founded a religious order of Nuns in Calcutta,India,called ”The Missionaries of
Charity. ”Through this order she has dedicated her life to helping the poor,the sick and
the dying around the world,particularly those in India.
She was born Agnes Gohxha Bojaxhiu in 1910 in Skopje,Yugoslavia.
In1928 she suddenly decided to become a nun and travelled to Dublin, Ireland, to join the Sisters of Loreto,a religious order founded in the seventeenth century. On May 24, 1931, she took the name of ‘Teresa’ in honour of St. Teresa of Lisieux.
In 1948 Pope Pius XII granted Mother Teresa permission to live as an independent nun. That same year she became an Indian citizen. After studying nursing for three months with the American Medical Missionaries in the Indian city of Patna,she returned to Calcutta to found”The Missionaries of Charity”. Mother Teresa initially focused her efforts on poor children in the streets,teaching them how to read and how to care for themselves. In 1952 Mother Teresa began work for which the Missionaries of Charity has been noted ever since.Her order received permission from Calcutta officials to use a portion of the abandoned temple to the goddess Kali the Hindu goddess of death and destruction. Here Mother Teresa founded the Kalighat Home for the Dying. She and her fellow nuns gathered dying Indians off the streets of Calcutta and brought them to this home to care for them during the days before they died.
In the middle of the 1950, Mother Teresa began to help victims of leprosy. The Indian government gave the Missionaries of Charity a 34 acre plot of land near the city of Asansol.Under Mother Teresa’s guidance a leper colony was established here called Shanti Nagar. For her work among the people of India the Indian government gave her the Padmashree award in September of 1962.
Teacher: Who wants to add?
Pupil 2: I’d like to tell about Bob Geldof. He is an Irish pop musician who
has raised a lot of money for charity. Geldof, whose mother died when he was young, came
from a very poor family. He was born in Ireland. After he had left school he lived in
England,then in Vancouver in Canada where he wrote about pop-music for a magazine. Back in
his hometown of Dublin,he and some friends he had known since childhood formed a
successful pop group called “The Boomtown Rats”. In 1984 Bob saw a film of a famine
that was devastating Ethiopia. He had the idea of producing a record which could be sold
to help the famine victims. The song “Feed the world” raised 8 million pounds. It was
sung by an all star rock groups which Geldof called “ Band Aid”
In July 1985 Geldof organized a huge charity pop concert for television,which was watched by one and a half billion people. The 70 million pounds the concert raised helped hungry people all over the world. On the day of the concert Bob Geldof said” I think this must be the greatest day of my life.”
Teacher: You are quite right. But do you know something about national organizations making charity?
Pupil 3: Once upon a time there was a little girl. She lived in a country that
had just been destroyed after a terrible war. But this girl had a beautiful idea. To say
thank you for the bread and clothes she had received she decided to draw a picture. It
displayed happy children, dancing in the sunshine, just like she wished to be dancing
again. This picture touched many people and they started sending it throughout the world.
This is how the first UNICEF greeting card was born.
What started in postwar Europe as an act of helping children has written half a decade of history for the world organization for children’s rights. UNICEF is the Abbreviation for”United Nations Children’s Fund”. In 161 countries UNICEF has programs helping children and women supported by state and private funds. Health, education and children’s rights are the main topics of New York based organization.
No matter if it is Afganistan or Irag, South America or Africa as soon as war,poverty and disease are a thread for children,UNICEF projects are there to help UNICEF messengers such as German anchorwoman Sabine Christiansen or Sir Peter Ustinov promote the cause worldwide.
But there is another messenger calling for the rights of the smallest of the small and the weakest of the weak”The UNICEF greeting card”. Ever since UNICEF was founded 50 years ago, the UNICEF greeting card has been sold more than500 million times and each card help a child. The earnings go straight to the projects.
Teacher: We introduce relative clauses with the relative pronounces who,which, that, whose and where. When do we use them?
Pupil 4: We use who for people and which for things. We can also use that for
both people and things but who is more usual for people.
e.g. Bob Geldof is a musician who is famous for helping to raise money for charity.
He organized “Live Aid” which was watched by millions of people all over the world.
He saw television pictures of a famine that was devastating Ethiopia.
Pupil 5: When who, which, that is the object of the relative clause we can leave
e.g. Some friends he had known since childhood.
To show possession we use whose.
e.g. Geldof, whose mother died when he was young, came from a very poor family.
We can use where to talk about a place.
e.g. He lived in Vancouver, where he wrote about pop-music for a magazine.
Teacher: Let’s do some exercises.
Ex.1. Singing for others:
a) complete with who or which:
Bob Geldof is a singer and songwriter who was born in Ireland in 1954.
1) He is the famous pop musician_____organized charity pop concerts in the 1980s.
2) “I don’t like Mondays “ is the name of one of his songs_____ became a big hit.
3) ”Feed the world” is the song ______ raised 8 million pounds for famine relief in Ethiopia.
4) ”Band Aid” was the name of the group______ sang the number one hit.
5) Geldof travelled all over the world. He found a lot of famous people_______ were welling to give money for his projects.
b) write in who and which only if they are necessary:
1) Before Bob became a pop star, he had many different jobs______ he didn’t like.
2) Being a music journalist in Canada was a job ______ he enjoyed.
3) ”The Boomtown Rats” is the name of the group ______ he formed in Dublin.
4) Geldof wrote a best-selling book about his life_______ is called”Is that it?”
5) People ________ know Geldof says that he is a very kind person.
Ex.2. Mother Teresa:
Put in who, which, whose or where if who and which are not necessary,don’t
e.g. Mother Teresa is a name________ everybody knows.
1) Mother Teresa,_______ real name is Agnes Bojaxhiu, was born in 1910.
2) Mother Teresa is a missionary_______ has helped sick people all over the world.
3) Agnes, _______ father was a grocer, decided to become a nun at the age of twelve.
4) Her father ______ came from Albania, supported her decision.
5) Teresa is the name _______ she took when she became a nun at the age of twelve.
6) In1928 she went to India _______ she taught in Calcutta.
7) She looked after poor people _______ lived on the streets.
8) She says “ Being unwanted is the worst disease _______ a person can have.
9) India, Africa, America and Australia are countries ______ she has opened homes, schools and hospitals.
10) In 1979 she won the Nobel Peace Prize ______ made her world famous.
Find someone who…
Can name two charities,
Collects money for a charity,
Owns a T-shirt from a charity,
Sometimes gives pocket money to a charity,
Has done something special to raise money.
Go round the class asking your questions:
e.g. Write down the names of the pupils who give you aYes answer. The first person to get five Yes answers is the winner. Report your answers to the class.
Pupil 1: In our republic we also held some charities for poor, sick pupils. In November 2003 it was named “ Aid sick pupils together”. The visitors of Kazan” Mc Donald’s” in Bauman street were astonished because famous people from television shows tried to serve them. All raised money from sold”potato free” were given to sick pupils. Such famous people as Ilfat Abdrakhmanov,Yana Validi, Inna Barusheva and many others had got a great pleasant trying to sell” potato free”. 20 little patients from Kazan cardiocentre were invited to the celebrating dinner. They treated with coke, sweets, listened fairy tales and guessed riddles. Little clients didn’t confuse from a big amount of journalists and television operators. So they said to each other “it would be better to have such meetings more often.” At the end of the meeting the sport complex for rehabilitation was given to the Kazan cardiocentre.
Pupil 2: In our school we also organize charity for sick pupils. Not so long ago we gathered old clothes, books exercise-books,pens, pencils and other things. We invite sick pupils for our parties, organize celebrating dinners, our teachers teach them at home.
Teacher: Do you agree or disagree with this statement?” People who are born rich should help people who are born poor.”Think of reasons for and against giving money to charities. Then write your opinion in a short paragraph.
1. ”Grammar Four”- 2001, Jennifer Seidl
2. ”Lettermag №3,2004.