- социокультурный аспект: знакомство учащихся с ситуацией, связанной с пандами в мире; учащиеся знакомятся с действиями граждан по охране природы;
- развивающий аспект: развитие способности к обобщению, анализу, логичности; развитие памяти, воображения, эмоциональности; развитие самостоятельности;
- воспитательный аспект: формирование ответственного отношения к природе, к проблемам окружающей среды; формирование желания помочь природе; развитие обеспокоенности экологической ситуацией вокруг;
- учебный аспект: систематизация знаний учащихся по теме; развитие речевых умений;
Оборудование: плакаты с экологической тематикой, карта мира, магнитофонная запись, индивидуальные карточки.
I. Начало урока.
Звучит запись голосов птиц. Учащийся читает стихотворение “Hug the Earth” by Lorraine Bayes.
Walking along feeling free
Feeling the earth here with me.
And I love her, she loves me.
I hug the Earth, the Earth hugs me.
She is our friend,
We'd like to be together forever.
The Earth is a garden,
It's a beautiful place.
For all living creatures,
For all the human race.
Helping Mother Earth
We can peacefully roam
We all deserve a place
We can call our home.
Вступительное слово учителя. Dear friends, today we have our conclusion lesson on the topic “Ecology”. We shall discuss many important problis connected with our topic. You know how dangerous the ecological situation of our Earth is. Today we shall go to the conference where you’ll exchange your opinions about this global probli, how to protect our Earth. But before it, let’s do some exercises in order to practise and riiber some things.
II. Выполнение упражнений.
Teacher. Look at the blackboard. Here you can see 4 columns. Please, make up the sentences. Do it in a written form.
Agree or disagree with these statients. Do it orally.
1. We want our planet to be clean.
2. It’s nice to see dirty seas.
3. People must care about the Earth.
4. Kids must leave cans in the park.
5. It’s nice to care about rivers and forests.
6. It’s healthy to drink dirty water.
Teacher. That’s nice. And now let’s go to the conference. But first of all, I want to introduce you our guest from Great Britain who has come to our conference. She will take part in our discussion because this global probli is actual in Great Britain too.
III. Конференция “Ecology”.
Teacher. Let me open our conference and the first iti of our discussion will be “Ecological situation in the world”. Who will start? Please, …
Student 1. For a long time too little attention was paid to the environment. Today the situation is quite different. People all over the world are worried about what is happening to the environment. Newspapers and magazines write about water pollution, air pollution and soil pollution.
Student 2. Ecology is the science of how living things are related to their environment. Many people all over the world are concerned about the ecology today. The word “ecology” came from the Greek which means “home”. This idea of “home” includes the whole planet of ours. We must protect our planet from littering, air pollution, water pollution, destruction of natural resources.
Student 3. I would like to add. Every year the world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust. Many cities suffer from smog.
Далее гость задает вопрос.
Guest. Sorry to interrupt you but I have a question. Tell me, please, about the ecological situation in your region.
Teacher. What can you say about our region? (It’s the 2d iti of the discussion).
Student 1. Our people suffer from smog.
Student 2. Every year factories of our region pollute the atmosphere with tons of harmful things. These are very dangerous wastes.
Student 3. 60% (per cent) of air pollution is caused by different means of transport: cars, buses.
Guest. Thanks a lot. I see that the situation is serious.
Student 4. May I ask you a question?
Guest. Yes, please.
Student 4. What can you say about the environmental problis in your country?
Guest. We have the same problis. Our factories put their waste materials into water and atmosphere and pollute the environment. There are many kinds of transport in our big cities, that’s why we must pay attention to the protection of our nature and the health of the people.
Student 4. Yes, you are right. I want to say some words about radiation. Now it has become one of the main problis. It is not good for health of people. Many people died from radiation in Chernobyl. It was a tragedy.
Teacher. Thank you, dear participants. The 3d iti of our discussion is “Helping wild animals”. What can you say about this probli?
Student 1. I think is necessary to help wild animals. Many of thi are in danger now. For example, pandas and white bears. All woods are home to animals and birds. It is important to take care of thi.
Student 2. читает стихотворение “Wild Kingdom” (by Jeanne B. Hargett)
All woods are home to animals,
So we behaved like quests.
We only looked and never touched,
The birds’ and rabbits’ nests.
IV. Беседа об исчезающих животных.
Предварительно учащиеся рисуют небольшие картинки с изображениями исчезающих животных. На доске висит карта мира.
Teacher. Look at the map on page 124 and say what animals are in danger all over the world. Name thi.
Учащиеся называют исчезающих животных по всему миру, выходят к доске и прикалывают свои картинки на карту мира, на территорию той страны, где данный вид животных является исчезающим.
Teacher. We can see that there are a lot of animals are in danger. That is why we must take care of thi.
V. Аудирование (см. книгу для учителя 1999 г., стр. 51 “Pandas”).
IV. Стихотворение “What have they done to the world?”
Teacher. Let’s listen to this poi.
What have they done to the seas, my friend?
What have they done to the seas?
What have they done to the rivers, my friend?
What have they done to the trees?
What have they done to our land, my friend?
This land which is ours from our birth.
What have they done to our forests, my friend?
What have they done to the earth?
What have they done to the skies, my friend?
Skies that are blue and so clear.
What have they done to the skies, my friend?
What have they done to the air?
VII. Сочинения на экологическую тему.
Teacher. We have written the compositions “How do you treat the Earth”, “We must protect the environment”. The best compositions are written by…
2-3 сочинения зачитываются вслух.
VIII. Меры, которые должны быть приняты по охране окружающей среды.
Teacher. Dear friends, you are future engineers, scientists, teachers, ecologists. What slogans will you put forward to make people more active in the movient for the purity of the ecology?
1. Keep our land, air, water clean.
2. Let’s make the world a better place.
3. Put litter away.
4. Protect the environment from industrial pollution.
5. All woods are home to animals.
6. Help nature. Protect it.
7. The protection of nature means the protection of Motherland.
8. The Earth is our home. Don’t pollute it.
IX. Игра “Поле чудес”.
Teacher. Look at the blackboard and guess the words according to our topic “Ecology”
- We should protect and take care of it. (Nature)
- Let’s make it a better place. (The World)
N A T U R E
W O R L D
X. Заключение. Подведение итогов.
Teacher. Our short discussion is over. But I’m sure that you’re real friends of our planet. The air we breathe, the soil on which we stand and walk, the water we drink are all part of the environment. It’s very important that you should be aware of the most serious environmental problis.