- Практиковать учащихся в устной речи по теме и в обсуждении прочитанного текста.
- Развивать умения и навыки учащихся в чтении короткого текста с извлечением основной информации.
- Практиковать учащихся в аудировании текста.
- Развивать орфографические навыки.
Оформление: видеофрагмент “Alaska”, географическая карта штата, картинки из фотоальбома об Аляске, фотографии главных городов, постеры.
I. Видеофрагмент “Welcome to Alaska”
Учитель демонстрирует фрагмент видеофильма на английском языке. Затем предлагает использовать полученную информацию в своих высказываниях по этой теме.
II. Речевая и фонетическая зарядка.
Рекомендуется выписать и поместить на доске наиболее сложные для произношения слова, обратить внимание учащихся на их фонетические особенности, произнести хором:
Затем учитель обращается к учащимся и предлагает им задавать друг другу вопросы, подготовленные ими в качестве домашнего задания по тексту из учебника “Alaska.” (См. ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1.)
T: You have read the text about Alaska at home. Let’s discuss this statement “Alaska is a place of contrasts.” Ask each other any question you like, please.
Учащиеся задают вопросы по прочитанному тексту, отвечают на них, делают вывод.
III. Беседа учителя с учащимися по тексту из учебника “Anchorage”. (См. ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 2.
Учитель объясняет учащимся, что каждый текст представляет особый интерес с точки зрения языка, новых слов и словосочетаний, подчёркивает необходимость литературного перевода для понимания текста и предлагает несколько упражнений.
1. T: I am going to give you the beginning of the sentence. Find the ending, read and translate the whole sentence.
The city grew up around….
Watching over Anchorage from….
The park was once a fashionable….
Wild life displays….
2. T: Well, now I want you to translate the following word combinations from Russian into English. Use them in your own sentences.
- представлять собой дикую местность (to be a wilderness area);
- оставаться центром торговли (to remain the center of commerce);
- известный местным жителям (known to locals);
- создавать величественный фон (to form the magnificent backdrop);
- “поймать” несколько изумительных картин природы (to capture some astonishing wildlife footage).
3. T: Dear, friends, you’ve noticed that this text full of various adjectives. Please, look at the blackboard and guess some of them.
frequent, steady, remarkable, fabulous, magnificent.
Учащиеся выходят к доске и пишут недостающие буквы.
4. T: Now, let’s divide into 3 groups. Imagine that you work in different Travel Agencies. Your duty is a persuade the clients to visit Anchorage. Your task is to design your own advertisements.
Для работы над рекламным объявлением учитель предлагает бумагу, фломастеры. Звучит музыка во время выполнения проектов. Затем каждая группа предлагает своё объявление (возможно постер), подводится итог.
IV. Чтение учащимися текста “Alaska’s capital city”. (См. ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 3.)
Этот текст является дополнительным материалом
и используется для ознакомления учащихся с новой
Учащиеся читают текст про себя, а затем выбирают несколько предложений, которые им запомнились больше всего.
Этот кроссворд составлен учителем для использования полученной информации и тренировки навыков письма.
T: I want you to relax a little. But at the same time I want you to answer the following question:
What thing is well known in Alaska? You will answer it if you find the words in this crossword:
- This word comes to mind first when most people think of Alaska. (gold)
- This fish is the most important in this region. (salmon)
- This is the largest sea animal in the coastal waters. (whale)
- This is the state tree. (spruce)
- These people are natives. (Eskimos)
- Alaskans use this thing to keep in touch with their neighbors. (computer)
- This is one of the main branches of economy in Alaska. (tourism)
T: O.K. Are you ready now to read this word? – Glacier! You are right. Every mountain range in Alaska has glaciers. They are like frozen rivers.
VI. Аудирование учащимися текста и письменный контроль (true, false). (Смотрите ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 4.)
Учащимся предлагается прослушать легенду “How The Fish Came into the Sea.”
Для контроля понимания можно использовать следующие утверждения:
- After Raven brought daylight he kept going up south.
- All different kinds of fish are in a tank.
- In the evening all the people were together.
- Raven didn’t the can in his hands.
- Raven opened the doors for fish.
- Raven is not satisfied that fish went around the world.
Учащиеся отвечают письменно на листочках и сдают их учителю.
Учитель подводит итог урока.
What have you learned about Alaska?
VII. Домашнее задание.
Подготовить сообщение об Аляске.
Alaska is a place of contrasts. Most of Alaska is still a wild frontier, yet you can
also find skyscraper apartment houses. An Eskimo puts out to sea in a whaleskin boat, but
the boat may be powered by an outdoor motor. And a dog team pulls a sled over snow and ice
– hurrying to a modern airport. Alaska is not all snow and ice, however, even in winter.
And in summer, the temperature in Fairbanks sometimes soars to 100 degrees F. Here truck
gardens grow strawberries as big as plums, and the shining until late evening – can give
you a sunburn.
The most northerly point in U. S. is Point Barrow. Here from May through July, you can fish all night by the light of the midnight sun.
Alaska is big – twice as big as Texas. North America’s highest mountain is in Alaska - Mt. McKinley. Malaspina Glacier is as big as Rhode Island. And there is a volkano with a crater six miles across. This volcano Aniakchak, is near the valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. Steam and smoke puffing from creates all over this strange valley make it look like some giant’s kitchen.
Salmon fishing is the most important industry, but gold is what comes to mind when most people think of Alaska. With the discovery of gold in the late 1800s prospectors poised into Alaska’s wilderness. Many of them settled there.
Today Alaska produces more platinum that any other state. Alaskans cut timber for their pump mills, pump oil from under the sea, and produce many beautiful furs.
Anchorage or “Los Anchorage”, as some rural residents call it, is “big city”
Alaska. Hardly isolated, Anchorage boasts two daily newspapers, semi-professional baseball
and basketball teams, frequent performances by internationally known orchestras and pop
stars, dramatic theater, light opera, and the busiest fast-food joints in the north.
Only 80 years ago, Anchorage was a wilderness area. The city grew up around its railroads in 1914, and has since seen a steady flow of trains, pioneers, and oil. Anchorage remains the state’s center of commerce. Each year its international airport hosts millions of passengers, who drop by en route to East Asia after hours of flying over unsettled wilderness and ocean. Perhaps the most remarkable fact about Anchorage is that everything – the glass and steel of the buildings, the food and merchandise of the well- stocked supermarkets and department stores – arrives here the same way people do: via a tortuous 1500-mile road an expensive air journey, or by barge or container ship across one of the roughest seas in the world.
Watching over Anchorage from Cook Inlet is Mount Susitna, known to locals as the Sleeping Lady. For a fabulous view of the lady, as well as the rest of the mountains that from the magnificent backdrop for Anchorage’s ever-growing skyline, drive out to Earthquakes Park. The park was ones of fashionable neighborhood, but now recalls the disastrous effects of the Good Friday earthquake in 1964, a day Alaskans refer to as Black Friday. Registering at 8,6 on the former Richter Scale (9,2 on the current scale), it is the strongest earthquake ever recorded in North America.
While downtown, stop in at the Anchorage Museum of History and Art. The museum is features permanent exhibits of Alaskan native artifacts and art, as well as Thursday night Alaska wilderness film series (7 pm). To get a sense of the impact of Alaska’s oil wealth, admire the museum’s 93,000 – square-foot building. Wildlife displace including more than 20 animal mounts are housed in the Alaska Wildlife and Natural History Museum. Inside, gaze at the immensity of a lily-white, taxidermic polar bear. The free hourly movie Animals and a Pipeline captures some astonishing wildlife footage, all of which was taken within a few hundred years of the Alaskan pipeline.
To see real honest-to-goodness Alaskan wildlife, visit the Alaska Zoo. Say hi to Binky the bear and other orphaned Alaskan fauns.
No less spectacular is the Alaska Experience Theater, where brown bears and native dances come alive on the inner surface of a hemispherical dome.
Alaska’s Capital City.
Juneau, Alaska’s capital is the largest city in the region. It has about 29,000
residents. Juneau and its sister city of Douglas across Gastineau Channel stretch along
the shore at the foot of mountains. Mendenhall Glacier, about 12 miles from town, is the
only glacier in Southeast Alaska that can be reached by car.
The city started with gold mining in1880. Later it was a stop-off for stampeders headed to Skagway for the Klondike Gold Rush. Now government and tourism are the main employers.
Sins Juneau is the capital for Alaska, it is called “the seat of government.” The elected head of Alaska, the governor, has offices and a home in Juneau.
Certain other Alaskans from all regions of the state are elected to travel to Juneau in the winter and spring. These people from the legislature, or the group that makes laws for the state. Using satellite television, faxes, computers, and other modern communications, these legislators keep a balance so there are jobs and the environment is safe at the same time.
How the Fish Came into the Sea.
After Raven bring daylight to all the people he keep workin’ north, lookin’ around,
he keep going up, up north. And he see something big, big just like a scow way out on the
sea, like a floating box, and he ask: “What is it out there?” - “That’s a tank.
All different kinds of fish in there. They try to keep them in there so there’s no fish
going around this ocean.” – Well, he’s thinkin’ about it, how he’s gonna get it.
Raven send that black and white bird with the long tale - the magpie - to go up and cut a can for him, and he fix it like octopus finger, he carve it like two tentacles of the octopus. He’s gonna try to drag in that big scow with it, no matter how far off a thing is, that octopus finger can will always reach it.
In the evening Raven got all the peoples together and they beat drums. He hold the can in his hands and move it around, going up, going down, going around, testing it. All right. That woman said she’s satisfied with it. Then he get all the peoples down on the beach and they begin to sing, and he start to hook it, he tried to pull that thing ashore. And he tried again. “OOOH, OOOH, OOOH, OH, OH!” Saying to the people: “Sing stronger all the time” and he tried again.
And he begin to draw it in to shore little by little. Finally he pull it onto the beach and he jump inside, and he open each door. He open the doors for smelts (fish, small fish) and the smelts comes out from that tank. After that herrings, and oolichons, and out of the other sides, king salmon first, and humpies, and coho, and later on the one they call the fall fish, dog salmon, and last comes the ones that stop, the halibut and flounders and cod, and he pushed them out.
See, just the way he opened the doors, is just the way they come every year. No mistake on it. And Raven is satisfied, he released all that fish to go around this world.