Преподавание английского языка. Урок обобщения и закрепления по теме "Дом, милый дом"

Разделы: Иностранные языки


Цели:

  • обобщение и закрепление изученного материала по теме;
  • формирование культуры коммуникативного общения;
  • развитие навыков исследовательской деятельности;
  • расширение кругозора учащихся;
  • развитие навыков устной и письменной речи;
  • воспитание гуманизма, толерантности в общении.

Задачи:

  • развитие навыков говорения, аудирования и письма в процессе общения друг с другом и учителем на основе материалов изучаемой темы;
  • развитие умений добывания информации;
  • развитие навыков индивидуальной и групповой работы учащихся, изобретательности и творческого отношения к учебному процессу.

Форма урока: традиционная.

Тип урока: обобщающий урок.

Оборудование:

  • плакаты, подготовленные учащимися;
  • магнитная доска, магниты;
  • компьютер, презентации учащихся по теме;
  • магнитофон, музыкальное сопровождение.

План урока:

  1. Организационный момент. Приветствие.
  2. Речевая зарядка. Активизация лексики урока.
  3. Проверка домашнего задания. Стихотворения.
  4. Актуализация опорных знаний. Из истории домов. Монологическая речь.
  5. Мониторинг первичных знаний. Диалогическая речь.
  6. Сравнение типичных домов прошлого Британии и России на примере русской избы.
  7. Типичный современный английский дом.
  8. Мониторинг качества усвоения материала. Диалогическая речь.
  9. Сравнение типичных современных домов Британии и России на примере дачи.
  10. Дом моей мечты.
  11. Итоги урока.

Ход урока

1. Организационный момент. Приветствие.

Учитель: Dear friends! Good morning! I'm glad to see you very much.

The term of our lesson is "Home, sweet home"

You will tell the class about your flats and cottage houses, about palaces and castles. You will play dialogues and discuss the best house.

And of course, you will have a lot of fun.

2. Речевая зарядка. Актуализация лексики урока.

Учитель: Our teams have known many words about house. Let's write words as much as you can. Be quick!

(Учащиеся выполняют упражнения на доске)

3. Проверка домашнего задания.

Учитель: Well done! You know words well. The next task is to recite the poems about places we live in.

Примерные подготовленные учащимися стихотворения:

Poems:

Some people live in the country
Where the houses are very small.
Some people live in the city
Where the houses are very tall
But in the country where the houses are small
The gardens are very big.
And in the city where the houses are very tall
There no gardens at all
This is the house that Jack built
This is the malt
That lay in the house that Jack built
This is the rat
That ate the malt
That lay in the house that Jack built,
This is the cat that killed the rat
That ate the malt
That lay in the house that Jack built.
This is the dog,
That worried the cat,
That killed the rat,
That ate the malt
That lay in the house that Jack built.

4. Актуализация опорных знаний на примере домов, дворцов и замков прошлого. Монологическая речь.

Учитель: Now we live in comfortable flats and houses. Do you know about houses of the past?

The first team will tell us about it.

Примерные выступления учащихся:

(рассказы учащихся сопровождаются показом слайдов)

Catherine's palace:

Russian Queen Catherine the Great found one day that she needed a little rest from her difficult life. But her idea of a quiet country home would seem extravagant to others. It stands today, 22 of original rooms have been restored and the building stretches 900 feet.

SHOGUN PALACE:

At the top of a high mountain there is a great palace. It is one of the most beautiful Japanese castles. It was built to defeat the country. Defenders pour hot water or oil on attackers.

Castle MAD Ludwig:

A top a rock in Alps there is another castle. It was built in1869 by order of Bavaria's King Louis II, also called Mad Ludwig. There are two throne rooms with ceiling decorated like a night sky.

FORT FANTASTIC:

Indian King thought big. His Red Fort held not just offices and military barracks but also palaces, gardens and fountains. If there is a paradise on Earth, this is it.

ROYAL RESIDENCE:

Can you guess who makes this palace her home? It's the Queen of Great Britain. Buckingham palace is full of treasures. Today, the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh live in the private apartments on the north part of the palace. Buckingham palace has 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guests' bedrooms, 182 staff rooms, 92 offices, 78 bathrooms. Some 800 people work in the palace unlike other palaces. This palace is working royal palace. When the Queen invites a lot of people for dinner it takes three days to prepare the table and three days to do the washing up. Everybody have five glasses. The Queen speaks to the person on her left and on her right. When the Queen finishes her food everybody finishes. The Queen lives and works in this palace.

5. Мониторинг первичных знаний. Диалогическая речь.

Учитель:

Now we shall check how you understand these reports.

(учащимся предлагается упражнение по прослушанной информации)

  1. Match these pictures with names and put them in then right order.
  2. Match the question to the answers.

6. Сравнение типичных домов прошлого Британии и России на примере русской избы.

Учитель: (сравнение культуры страны изучаемого языка с нашей страной)

Примерное выступление учащегося:

RUSSIAN HOMES:

The first Russian houses were built of woods. The Russians used only pine-trees and larch-trees for building their houses. They didn't use nails for building the houses. The most important part of each Russian house was a stove. The stove was used for cooking, heating the house and sleeping. The Russian stove was large and was the centre of home life. The windows facing the street were richly decorated. Every house had porch. There was a tradition several generations of a family lived together. Poor people lived in small wooden houses but rich people lived in big wooden houses and later in stone houses, sometimes two-stored and large.

Учитель:

Примерные вопросы учащихся по прослушанному тексту:

1.

  • What trees did the Russians use for building of their houses?
  • Did the Russians use nails building their houses?
  • What was the most wide spread type of houses in Russia?
  • What was the Russian stave made of?
  • What does the Russian proverb "To dance from the stove" mean?
  • What does the word "svyetyolka" mean?

Примерные ответы учащихся:

2.

They built without a single nail.

It means a "light room".

Clay bricks,

Pine-tree, larch-tree

"to begin from the beginning"

It was "izba" with a four wall.

7. Представление типичного современного английского дома.

Учитель: Do you like to visit your friends? Do you know where your friends live?

The second team has prepared reports about their houses.

You should listen to them and be ready for the test.

Примерные выступления учащихся:

(рассказы учащихся сопровождаются показом слайдов)

ENGLISH HOMES;

Some English people live in flats but some people live in their own houses. I want to describe traditional English house.

There are two floors in the traditional English house the ground floor and the first floor. The bedrooms and a bathroom or bathrooms are upstairs on the first floor. The sitting room, the dining room, the kitchen and the hall are downstairs on the ground floor.

The sitting room is the largest room in the house. There is always a sofa, some chairs and armchairs in it. There is often a carpet on the floor. It makes the room comfortable. English people usually have a fair in the sitting room. They often spend evenings in armchairs near the fire. They read books, watch television, listen to music or sit around and speak. People in England like their homes and say, "There is no place like home" and "East or west home is best".

8. Мониторинг качества усвоения материала. Диалогическая речь.

Учитель: (учащимся предлагается упражнение по прослушанной информации)

Примерные вопросы учащихся по прослушанному тексту:

  1. Do English people live in flats or in their own houses?
  2. How many floors are there in the traditional English house?
  3. What rooms are there on the ground floor?
  4. What rooms are there on the first floor?
  5. Where do they often spend evenings?
  6. What makes the room comfortable?
  7. What proverbs about homes do you know?

Примерные ответы учащихся:

  1. Some people live in flats but some people live in houses.
  2. There are two floors in the traditional English house.
  3. There is a sitting room, the dining room, on the ground floor.
  4. There are bedrooms, bathrooms on the first floor.
  5. They spend evenings in armchairs near the fire.
  6. The carpet makes the room comfortable.
  7. There is no place like home. East or west home is best.

9. Сравнение типичных современных домов Британии и России на примере дачи.

Учитель: (сравнение культуры страны изучаемого языка с нашей страной)

Примерные выступления учащихся:

THE DACHA:

If you ask people in Russia where they are going for weekend in summer the answer will be "to the dacha" The dacha is a special place for people who live in cities or towns. For different people it also means different kinds of activities. Some enjoy fishing or swimming in the river others prefers mushroom hunting. Not long ago people usually grew fruit and vegetables and flowers. Now they have lawns and barbecue areas Young people and children prefer to relax in the fresh air than work in the garden.

Примерные выступления учащихся:

My name is ______ I live in a nice house. There are three rooms in my house living room, bed room, and my room. We also have a kitchen and a hall. Living room is the biggest room in our flat. There is a cozy sofa, nice wall unite, and new carpet there. My favourite room is our living room. We have got a very good stereo system and I play my music in the living room. My mother's favourite room is kitchen. It is not very big but it is tidy. The nice curtains on the windows make our kitchen very cozy. It is the meeting place for family and friends. My father's favourite room is bedroom. There are books, pictures on the walls, a video and a computer. He usually watches TV there.

My name is ______ I live in a nice flat. It is in a new building. It has all modern conveniences. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a hall in our flat. The living room is the largest and most comfortable room in our flat. In the middle of the room we have a table with six chairs around it. Near the TV set there are two cozy armchairs. Nothing is more pleasant t

10. Дом моей мечты.

Учитель: Would you like to live in your own house with a big garden?

Would you like to live in a big flat near your school?

Would your like to have a fair in your house?

(Обсуждение дома своей мечты)

(Представление презентации "Дом моей мечты")

Примерное выступление учащегося:

Look at this house! It's a brilliant in our life! There are many flowers around it. The nice garden is in front of the house and the beautiful forest behind it.

The house has got two floors. On the ground floor you can see a sitting-room where you have a wonderful rest after heavy day. In the living-room you can find a cozy fire place and it helps you to think about beauty. There is a modern home cinema at the wall and you can watch your favourite films anytime.

In your study you have a modern computer and comfortable workplace. There are very beautiful and modern furniture in the kitchen. It's very comfortable to be in it. You can see amazing bathroom. It's very important for our life. In the room of relaxation you find all things for sport and training.

Look at the garden. It's beautifully, wonderfully! Great! Brilliant! If you want you can have exotic plants and animals.

11. Итоги урока.

24.03.2009